Senyawa Bioaktif Dedak Padi dan Manfaatnya Untuk Ternak Ayam

cecep hidayat, Elizabeth Wina, Soni Sopiyana


Rice bran is a feed ingredient as a result of the rice milling process which widely used as an energy source in the feed formulation in the chicken diet. Rice bran reported containing various nutrients such as oil, protein, carbohydrates (especially starch), beta-glucans, and pectins. Rice bran contains bioactive compounds that have positive effects on the chicken performance and health. Recently, bioactive compounds from rice bran have been developing as a source of making functional feed. The objective of this study was to review the bioactive compounds in rice bran and their benefits in order to produce functional feed for chicken. The results of the study showed that rice bran contains hundreds of bioactive components. The most important bioactive were tocopherols, tocotrienols, and oryzanols. This components have high antioxidant activity compared to other components. Lysolecithin from rice bran has ability on lowering cholesterol in blood, meat and chicken of eggs. Furthermore, rice bran extract reported has antibacterial properties. Besides, bioactive compounds of rice bran has function  as immunomodulator. It can be concluded that the bioactive compounds of rice bran potentially  used as raw materials for making functional feed for chickens.


bioactive compounds, rice bran, chicken


Abd Rashid NY, Abd Razak DL, Jamaluddin A, Sharifuddin SA, Long K. 2015. .Bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of rice bran fermented with lactic acid bacteria. Malay J Microb. 11(2) :156-162.

Abeyrathna HMWN, Atapattu NSBM, Gunawardane WWDA. 2015. Effects of the level of dietary rice bran with or without phytase, on performance and egg parameters of laying japanese quail. Trop Agric Res. 26: 39‒47.

Bemvenuti RH, Nora NS, Furlong EB. 2012. Extraction of gamma oryzanol from rice bran. Ciênc agrotec Lavras. 36 (6) : 665-673.

Bhat FM, Sommano SR, Riar CS, Seesuriyachan P, Chaiyaso T, Thai CP. 2020. Status of bioactive compounds from bran of pigmented traditional rice varieties and their scope in production of medicinal food with nutraceutical importance. Agronomy. 10:1817. doi:10.3390/agronomy10111817.

[BPS]-Badan Pusat Statistik. 2010. Luas panen dan produksi padi pada tahun 2020 mengalami kenaikan dibandingkan tahun 2019 masing-masing sebesar 1,02 dan 1,02 persen [Internet]. [cited 30 Desember 2020]. Available from:

Deng GF, Xu XR, Zhang Y, Li D, Gan RY, Li HB. 2013. Phenolic compounds and bioactivities of pigmented rice. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 53: 296–306.

Elizabeth PR. 2011. Bioactive food compounds and health properties of rice bran. Timely Topics in Nutrition. 238(5): 593-600.

Friedman M. 2013. Rice brans, rice bran oils, and rice hulls: composition, food and industrial uses, and bioactivities in humans, animals, and cells. J Agric Food Chem. 61:10626-10641.

Henderson AJ, Kumar A, Barnett B, Dow SW. 2012b. Consumption of rice bran increases mucosal immunoglobulin a concentrations and numbers of intestinal lactobacillus spp. J Med Food. 15:469–75.

Henderson AJ, Ollila CA, Kumar A, Borresen EC, Raina K, Agarwal R, Ryan EP. 2012a. Chemopreventive properties of dietary rice bran: current status and future prospects. ASN. 3: 643–653.

Hu G, Yu W. 2013 Binding of cholesterol and bile acid to hemicelluloses from rice bran. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 64: 461− 466.

Islam KMS, Shuvo AAS, Achergee SS, Ahsan Kabir AKM. 2018. Comparison of rice bran and deoiled rice bran as feed ingredient for broiler. J Agric Eng Food Tech. 5 (2) : 58-61.

Jansen M, Nuyens F, Buyse J, Leleu S, Van Campenhout L. 2015. Interaction between fat type and lysolecithin supplementation in broiler feeds. Poult Sci. 94: 2506–2515.

Jo IH, Choi YH. 2010. Optimization of ethanol extraction of γ-oryzanol and other functional components from rice bran. Kor J Food Preserv.17:281-289.

Justo ML, Candiracci M, Dantas AP, de Sotomayor MA, Parrado J, Vila E, Herrera MD, Rodriguez-Rodriguez R. 2013. Rice bran enzymatic extract restores endothelial function and vascular contractility in obese rats by reducing vascular inflammation and oxidative stress. J Nutr Biochem. 24: 1453−1461.

Kang HK, Kim CH. 2016. Effects of dietary supplementation with rice bran oil on the growth performance, blood parameters, and immune response of broiler chickens. J Anim Sci Tech. 58:12. DOI 10.1186/s40781-016-0092-6.

Kim CH, Park SB, Kang HK. 2016. Effects of graded levels of rice bran oil on laying performance, blood parameters and egg yolk cholesterol in hy-line laying hens. Korean J Poult Sci. 43 (2) : 89-96.

Kondo S, Teongtip R, Srichana D, Itharat A. 2011. Antimicrobial activity of rice bran extracts for diarrheal disease. J Med Assoc Thai. 94 (7): S117−S121.

Lee TT, Chang CC, Juang RS, Chen RB, Yang HY, Chu LW, Wang SR, Tseng TH, Wang CS, Chen LJ, Yu B. 2010. Porcine lactoferrin expression in transgenic rice and its effects as a feed dditive on early weaned piglets. J Agric Food Chem. 58 : 5166−5173.

Li HL, Lei Y, Kim IH. 2014. Effects of dietary supplementation rice bran extract on production performance, feed intake, egg quality and excreta microbiota in laying hens. J Anim Sci. 92 (2): 671.

Lin PY, Lai HM. 2011. Bioactive compounds in rice during grain development. Food Chem. 127:86-93.

Mumpuni PD, Ayustaningwarno F. 2013. Analisis kadar tokoferol, γ-oryzanol dan β-karoten serta aktivitas antioksidan minyak bekatul kasar. J Nut Coll. 2 (3) : 350-357.

Muntana N, Prasong S. 2010. Study on total phenolic contents and their antioxidant activities of Thai white, red and black rice bran extracts. Pak J Biol Sci. 13: 170–174.

Nagendra Prasad MN, Sanjay KR, Shravya Khatokar M, Vismaya MN, Nanjunda Swamy S. 2011. Health Benefits of Rice Bran - A Review. J Nutr Food Sci. 1:3. DOI: 10.4172/2155-9600.1000108.

Nguyen DH, Gheisar MM, S. Upadhaya D, Hossain MM, Kim IH. 2016. Effect of dietary extracted rice bran supplementation on production performance and excreta microflora in laying hens. Can J Anim Sci. 97 (3).

NRC. 2012. Nutrient requirements of swine. 11th ed. National Academic Press, Washington, DC.

Oliveira MS, Feddern V, Kupsk L, Cipolatti EP, Badiale‐Furlong E, de Souza‐Soares LA. 2011. Changes in lipid, fatty acids and phospholipids composition of whole rice bran after solid‐state fungal fermentation. Bioresour Technol. 102(17):8335–8338.

Oliveira MS, Kupski L, Feddern V, Cipolatti EP, Badiale-Furlong E, Souza-Soares LA, 2010. Physicochemical characterization of fermented rice bran biomass. CyTAJ of Food. 8: 229–236.

Oliveira MS, Cipolatti EP, Furlong EB, Soares LS. 2012. Phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity in fermented rice (Oryza sativa) bran. Food Sci Tech (Campinas). 32(3): 531-537.

Prabhu A. 2014. Effect of yeast fermentation on nutraceutical and antioxidant properties of rice bran. Int J Agric Food Sci. 3: 59–65.

Rahimi S, Kamran Azad S, Karimitorshizi MA. 2011 Omega3 enrichment of broiler meat by using two oil seeds. J Agr Sci Tech. 13:353-365.

Rahimi S, Azad SK, Torshizi MAK. 2011. Omega-3 enrichment of broiler meat by using two oil seeds’. J Agric Sci Tech. 13:353-65.

Raju MVLN, Rama Rao SV, Chakrabarti PP, Rao BVSK, Panda AK, Prabhavathi Devi BLA, Sujatha V, Reddy JRC , Shyam Sunder G, Prasad RBN. 2011. Rice bran lysolecithin as a source of energy in broiler chicken diet. Brit Poult Sci. 52(6): 769-774. DOI: 10.1080/00071668.2011.640929.

Ryan EP, Heuberger AL, Weir TL, Barnett B, Broeckling CD, Prenni JE. 2011. Rice bran fermented with Saccharomyces boulardii generates novel metabolite profiles with bioactivity. J Agric Food Chem. 59:1862–70.

Salehi EA, Sardarodiyan M. 2016. Bioactive phytochemicals in rice bran: processing and functional properties. Biochem Ind J. 10(3):101.

Sanchez J, Thanabalan A, Khanal T, Patterson R, Slominski BA, Kiarie E. 2019. Growth performance, gastrointestinal weight,microbialmetabolites and apparent retention of components in broiler chickens fed up to 11% rice bran in a corn-soybean meal diet without or with a multi-enzyme supplement. Anim Nut. 5. 41-48.

Sawa N, Okamura K, Zendo T, Himeno K, Nakayama J, Sonomoto K. 2010. Identification and characterization of novel multiple bacteriocins produced by Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides QU 15. J Appl Microbiol. 109: 282−291.

Sawadikiat P, Setwipattanachai P, Chaiseri S, Hongsprabhas P. 2015. Rice phytochemicals concentrated by molecular distillation process and their use as co-surfactant in water dispersion. J Food Sci Technol. 52(12):8014–8022.

Sohail M, Rakha A, Butt MS, Iqbal MJ, Rashid S. 2016.: Rice Bran Nutraceutics: A Comprehensive Review. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. DOI: 10.1080/10408398.2016.1164120

Sommano S. 2013. Effect of food processing on bioactive compounds. in advances in food science and nutrition, 2nd ed.; Visakh, P.M., Iturriaga, L.B., Ribotta, P.D., Eds.; Scrivener Publishing LLC: Beverly, MA, USA. pp. 361–390.

Szczesniak KA, P. Ostaszewski, A. Ciecierska and T. Sadkowski. 2016. Investigation of nutriactive phytochemical – gamma-oryzanol in experimental animal models. J Anim Phys Anim Nut. 100: 601–617.

Trinovita E, Sutriyo, Saputri FC, Mun’im A. 2017. Enrichment of the gamma oryzanol level from rice bran by addition of inorganic salts on ionic liquid 1-butyl-3- methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate ([bmim] pf6) extraction. J Young Pharm. 9(4): 555-558.

Xia N, Wang J, Yang X. 2012. Preparation and characterization of protein from heatstabilized rice bran using hydrothermal cooking combined with amylase pretreatment. J Food Eng. 110:95-101.

Zare-Sheibani AA, Arab M, Zamiri MJ, Rezvani MR, Dadpasand M, Ahmadi F. 2015. Effects of extrusion of rice bran on performance and phosphorous bioavailability in broiler chickens. J Anim Sci Tech. 57:26. DOI 10.1186/s40781-015-0059-z.

Zhao G, Zhang R, Dong L, Huang F, Liu L, Deng Y, Ma Y, Zhang Y, Wei Z, Xiao J. 2018. A comparison of the chemical composition, in vitro bioaccessibility and antioxidant activity of phenolic compounds from rice bran and its dietary fibres. Molecules. 23: 202.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)  2021 WARTAZOA. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.