The Potential of Bioactive Compound Moringa Leaf to Improve Rabbit Reproductive Performance

Setiasih Setiasih, Hendrawan Soetanto, Ahmad Mualif Abdurrahman

Abstract

Moringa leaf is a potential animal feed material because it has a complete nutrient content as well as many bioactive compounds.Among its bioactive compounds are phytosterols and isoflavons.  The compound is a trigger for reproductive hormones because it is estrogenic. Phytosterols have a chemical structure similar to that of cholesterol that can be used as precursors of steroid hormones (testosterone, estradiol and progesterone). Isoflavones are a type of flavonoids compound that has estrogenic activity that is able to bind with estrogen receptors i.e. ER-α and ER-β. Moringa leaves containing phytosterols and isoflavones can be utilized as feed supplements as aphrodisiac for male, stimulating oestrus, and increasing milk production, average daily gain of bunnies.

Keywords

Moringa; phytosterols; phytoestrogens; litter size; rabbit

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