Forage Development on ex-Coal Mining Land to Support of Livestock Business

Harmini Harmini

Abstract

The availability of land for forage development is important to support cattle and buffalo production in Indonesia. The government is paying great attention to accelerate cattle and buffalo populations in Indonesia, one of of the Ministry of Agriculture program UPSUS SIWAB to increase cattle and buffalo population has been established. To support this program, sufficient forage and concentrate are crucial. Usually, the development of forage is allocated on the sub-optimal land and one alternative to sub-optimal land is ex-coal mined land. There are several challenges in forage production including pH, the composition of organic matter, low soil microorganisms and heavy metals. These problems can be minimized by adding organic matter, organic fertilizer, microorganism such fungi mycorrhizae and phytoremediation.

Keywords

Forage; ex-coal mining; phytoremediation

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abdullah L. 2014. Prospektif agronomi dan ekofisiologi Indigofera zollingeriana sebagai tanaman penghasil hiajuan pakan berkualitas tinggi. Pastura. 3(2):79-83.

Ahirwal J, Maiti SK. 2016. Assesment of soil properties of different land uses generated due to surface coal mining activities in tropical Sal (Shorea robusta) forest, India. Catena. 140: 155-163.

Al Chami Z, Amer N, Smets K, Yperman J, Carleer R, Dumontet S, Vangronsveld J. 2014. Evaluation of flash and slow pyrolysis applied on heavy metal contaminated sorghum bicolor shoots resulting from phytoremediation. Biomass and Bioenergy. 1-12.

Ali A, Guo D, Mahar A, Wang Z. Muhammad D, Li R, Wang P, Shen F, Xue Q, Zhang Z. 2017. Role of Streptomyces pactum in phytoremediation of trace element by Brassica juncea in mine polluted soils. Ecotoxicology and Environment Safety. 144:387-395.

Amelia L, Suprayogo D. 2018. Manajemen bahan organic untuk reklamasi lahan: analisis hubungan antara sifat kimia tanah dan pertumbuhan pohon di lahan timbunan bekas tambang batubara PT Bukit Asam (Persero), Tb. J tanah dan sumberdaya lahan. 5(1): 701-712.

Ardhiansyah N, Sumarsono, Purbajanti ED. 2014. Pertumbuhan dan produksi beberapa leguminosa pakan yang ditanam pada media tanam tanah bekas penambangan batubara dengan perbaikan bahan organik. J Litbang Provinsi Jawa Tengah. 12: 43-54.

Arisusanti R, Purwani K. 2013. Pengaruh mikoriza Glomus fasciculatum terhadap akumulasi logam timbal (Pb) pada tanaman Dahlia pinnata. J Sains dan Seni Pomits .292: 2337–3520.

Armiadi. 2009. Penambatan nitrogen secara biologi pada tanaman leguminosa. Wartazoa. 19: 23 – 30.

[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik. 2018. Statistik Indonesia. Badan Pusat Statistik.

Baker AJM, Brooks RR. 1989. Terrestrial higher plant which hyperaccumulate metal elements-a review of their distribution, ecology and phytochemistry. Biorecovery. 1: 81-126

Bhatti SS, Kumar V, Sambyal V, Singh J. Nagpal AK. 2018. Comparative analysis of tissue compartmentalized heavy metal uptake by common forage crop: a field experiment. Catena. 160: 185 – 193

Bonfranceschi BA, Flocco CG, Donati ER. 2009. Study of the heavy metal phytoextraction capacity of two forage species growing in an hydroponic environment. J Hazardous Materials. 165: 366-371.

Brandan CP, Chavarria D, Huidobro J, Meriles JM, Gil SV. 2017. Influence of a tropical grass (Brachiaria brizantha cv. Mulato) as cover crop on soil biochemical properties in a degraded agricultural soil. European J Soil Biol. 83: 87-90.

[BSN] Badan Standardisasi Nasional. 2009. Batas maksimum cemaran logam berat dalam pangan. Badan Standardisasi Nasional.

Budianta D, Gofar N, Andika GA. 2013. Improvement of sand tailing fertility derived from post tin mining using leguminous crop applied by compost and mineral soil. J Trop Soils. 18: 217-223.

Chen Y, Hu L, Liu X, Deng Y, Liu M, Xu B, Wang M, Wang G. 2017. Influences of king grass (Pennisetum sinese Roxb) - enhances approaches for phytoextraction and microbial communities in multi-metal contaminated soil. Geoderma. 307: 253-266

Cui H, Fan Y, Yang J, Xu L, Zhou J, Zhu Z. 2016. In situ phytoextraction of copper and cadmium and its biological impacts in acidic soil. Chemosphere. 161. 233-241

Daru TP. 2009. Teknik pengembangan tanaman penutup tanah pada lahan reklamasi tambang batubara sebagai pastura [disertasi]. Bogor(ID). Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Elshamy M, Heikal Y, Bonanomi G. 2019. Phytoremediation efficiency of Portulaca oleracea L. naturally growing in some industrial sites, Dakahlia District, Egypt. Chemosphere. 222: 678-687

Errington JC. 2002. Toward result – based standarts for mine reclamation in Brtish Columbia. Di dal: BC Technical and research Committee, Editor. High Elevation Mine Reclammation Symposium. British Columbia: Canadian land Reclamation Association.

Fathia LAN, Baskara M, Sitawati. 2015. Analisis kemampuan tanaman semak di median jalan dalam menyerap logam berat Pb. J Produksi Tanaman. 3: 528-534

Fatmawati, Budiman, Dyastari L. 2018. Dampak lingkungan galian tambang batubara PT. Kaltim Prima Coal bagi kesehatan masyarakat di Kecamatan Sangatta Utara Kabupaten Kutai Timur. J Ilmu Pemerintahan.6: 553-566.

Garsetiasih R, Heriyanto NM. 2017. Potensi hutan reklamasi bekas tambang batubara, Sangatta, Kalimantan Timur untuk penangkaran rusa sambar (Rusa unicolor). Bul. Plasma Nutfah. 23: 127-136.

Gizikoff, KG. 2003. Re-Establishing Livestock Use on Mined Landscapes In Southern Interior Of BC. KG Consulting. British Columbia Mine Reclamation Symposium.

Gratao PL, Majeti P, Cardoso PF, Lea PJ. 2005. Phytoremediation: Green technology for the clean up of toxic metals in the environment. Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology. 17(1): 53-64.

Guarino C, Zuzolo D, Marziano M, Baiamonte G, Morra L, Benotti D, Gresia D, Stacul ER, Cicchella D, Sciarrilo R. 2017. Identification of native-metal tolerant plant spescies in situ: Environmental implications and functional traits. Science of the Total Environment 650: 3156-3167

Harmini, Evvyernie D, Karti PDMH, Widiawati. 2019. Evaluation of quality of forage and mineral content on elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) at ex-coal mining. AIP Conference Proceedings.

Herdiawan I, Krisnan R. 2014. Produktivitas dan pemanfaatan tanaman leguminosa pohon Indigofera zollingeriana pada lahan kering. Wartazoa. 24(2): 75-82.

Herdiawan I, Abdullah L, Sopandie, Karti PDMH, Hidayati N. 2012. Karakteristik morfologi tanaman pakan Indigofera zollingeriana pada berbagai taraf stress kekeringan dan interval pemangkasan. JITV. 17(4): 276-283.

Hermawan B. 2011. Peningkatan kualitas lahan bekas tambang melalui revegetasi dan Kesesuaiannya Sebagai Lahan Pertanian Tanaman Pangan. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Budidaya Pertanian Urgensi dan Strategi Pengendalian Alih Fungsi Lahan Pertanian. Bengkulu 7 Juli 2011. Pp 60-70

Jeevanantham S, Saravanan A, Hemavathy RV, Kumar PS, Yaashikaa PR, Yuvaraj D. 2019. Removal of toxic pollutants from water environments by phytoremediation : A survey on application and future prospects. Environmental Technology & Innovation. 13: 264-276.

Kumarathilaka P, Vithanage M. 2017. Influence of Gliricidia sepium biochar on attenuate perchlorate-induced heavy metal release in serpentine soil. J. of Chemistry. 1-8

Killham K. 1994. Soil Ecology. Cambridge(UK): Cambridge University Press.

Komarawidjaja W, Garno YS. 2016. Peran rumput vetiver (Chrysopogon zizanioides) dalam fitoremediasi pencemaran sungai. J Teknologi Lingk. 17(1): 7-14.

Koten BB, Wea R, Paga A. 2007. Respon kacang tunggak dan rumput sudan sebagai sumber pakan melalui pola tanam tumpangsari dengan berbagai proporsi tanaman di lahan kering. Buletin Peternakan. 31(3): 121-126.

Kremer RJ, Kussman RD. 2011. Soil quality in a pecan-kura clover alley cropping system in the Midwestern USA. Agroforestry Systems. 83(2): 213-223.

Kumar A, Pandey AC. 2013. Evaluating impact of coal mining activity landuse/ landcover using temporal satellite images in South Karanpura Coalfields and Environs, Jharkhand State, India. IJARSG.2(1):183-197

Kurniawan AR, Suroso W, Alimano M. 2014. Potensi pemanfaatan limbah pembakaran batubara PLTU sebagai media tanam dalam kegiatan revegetasi lahan bekas tambang batubara. J. Tknlg Mineral & Batubara. 10(3):142-154.

Kusuma ME. 2013. Pengaruh pemberian bokashi terhadap pertumbuhan vegetative dan produksi rumput gajah (Pennisetum purpureum). J Ilmu Hewani tropika. 2(2): 40-45.

Licina V, Aksic MF, Tomic Z, Trajkovic I. 2016. Bioassessment of heavy metals in the surface soil layer of an opencast mine aimed for its rehabilitation. Journal of Environmental Management. 1-13.

Lithourgidis AS, Dordas CA, Damalas CA, Vlachostergios DN. 2011. Annual intercrops: an alternative pathway for sustainable agriculture. Australian Journal of Crop Science: 5(4).

Lithourgidis AS, Dhima KV, Vasilakoglou IB, Dordas CA, Yiakoulaki MD. 2007. Sustainable production of barley and wheat by intercropping common vetch. Agronomy for Sustainable Development. 27(2): 95-99.

Liu X, Shen Y,Lou L,Ding C, Cai Q. 2009. Copper tolerance of the biomassa crops Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach), Vetiver grass (Vetiveria zizanioides) and the upland reed (Phragmites australis) in soil culture. Biotechnology Advances.27:633–640.

Padmavathiamma PK, Li LY. 2007. Phytoremediation technology: Hyper-accumulation metals in plants. Water Air Soil Pollut. 184: 105-126.

Purnama A. 2014. Risiko kontaminasi logam berat pada daging sapi yang merumput dan hidup di areal revegetasi tambang [Thesis]. Bogor (ID). Sekolah Pasca sarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Purnamayani R, Salvia E, Purnama H. Revegetasi lahan bekas tambang batubara melalui aplikasi pupuk kandang dan mikoriza. Prosiding seminar nasional lahan suboptimal 2017, Palembang 19-20 Oktober 2017”Pengembangan Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian Bersama Petani Lokal untuk Optimalisasi Lahan Suboptimal”pp 624-631

Purnomo DW, Fijridiyanto IA, Witono JR. 2018. Penilaian variable vegetasi pada lahan reklamasi bekas tambang emas di Ratatotok, Minahasa Tenggara). JPK Wallacea. 7(2): 93-108

Purwantari ND. 2007. Reklamasi area tailing di pertambangan dengan tanaman pakan ternak; mungkinkah?.Wartazoa. 17(3). 101 – 108

Rillig MC, Mummey DL. 2006. Mycorrhizas and soil structure. New Phytologist (171):453.

Saidy AR, Badruzsaufari. 2009. Hubungan antara konsentrasi Cr(VI) dan sifat kimia tanah: informasi awal untuk remediasi lahan bekas tambang di Kalimantan Selatan. J. Tanah Trop. 14(2):97-103.

Shanab RA, Ghanem N, Ghanem K, Al-Kolaibe A. 2007. Phytoremendiation potential of crop and wild plants for multi-metal contaminated soils. Research Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences. 3(5): 370-370.

Riyanto, Daru TP, Idris S. 2001. Percobaan penutup tanah (cover crop trial) PT Kaltim Prima Coal (KPC) di Sangatta. Samarinda [ID]. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Mulawarman

Rosmarkam A, Yuwono NW. 2002. Ilmu Kesuburan Tanah. Yogyakarta (ID): Kanisius

Marganingrum D, Noviardi R. 2010. Pencemaran air dan tanah di kawasan pertambangan batubara di PT Berau Coal Kalimantan Timur. Riset GeologidanPertambangan. 20(1):11-20

Mashud N, Manaroinsong E. 2014. Pemanfaatan lahan bekas tambang batubara untuk pengembangan sagu. B.Palma 15(1): 56-63.

Malar S, Manikandan R, Favas PJC, Sahi SV, Venkatachalam P. 2014. Effect of lead on phytotoxicity, growth, biochemical alterations and its role on genomic template stability in Sesbania grandiflora; Apotential plant for phytoremediation. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 108(2014): 249-257.

Narendra BH, Pratiwi. 2014. Pertumbuhan cover crops pada lahan overburden bekas tambang timah di Pulau Bangka. Forest rehabilitation Journal. 2(1): 15-24

Setiadi Y, Setiawan A. 2011. Studi status fungi mikoriza arbuskula di areal rehabilitasi pasca penambangan (studi kasus PT INCO Tbk. Sorowako, Sulawesi Selatan). J Sil Trop (3)1:88–95.

Stamps WT, McGraw RL, Godsey L, Woods TL. 2009. The ecology and economics of insect pest management in nut tree alley cropping in the Midwestern United States. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 131 (2009):4-8

Suelee AL, Hasan SNMS, Kusin FM, Yusuff FM, Ibrahim ZZ. 2017 Phytoremediation potensial of vetiver grass (Vetiveria zizanioides) for treatment of metal-contaminated water. Water Air Soil Pollut. 228: 158: 1-15.

Zhang X, Xia H, Li Z, Zhuang P, Gao B. 2010. Potential of four grasses in remediation of Cd and Zn contaminated soils. Bioresource Technology. 101:2063-206

Zhang X, Gao B, Xia H. 2014. Effect of cadmium on growth, photosynthesis, mineral nutrition and metal accumulation of bana grass dan vetiver grass. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 106. 102-108.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)  2019 WARTAZOA. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.