Effect of Dietary Modified-Banana-Tuber Meal (M-BTM) Substituting Dietary Corn on Growth Performance, Carcass Trait and Dietary-Nutrients Digestibility of Coloured-Feather Hybrid Duck (Pekin x Khaki Campbell Ducks)

Osfar Sjofjan, Danung Nur Adli, Muhammad Halim Natsir, Yuli Frita Nuningtyas, Tika Septi Wardani, Ilmi Sholichatunnisa, Siti Nur Ulpah, Obbi Firmansyah

Abstract

In this experiment, we investigate the effect of modified banana tuber meal (M-BTM) to substitute dietary maize in growing-finisher colored-feathered hybrid duck. One hundred and ninety six hybrid ducks (Pekin x Khaki Campbell) with 421.31 ± 0.183g body weight (BW) were allotted to 5 dietary treatments with 9 ducks (unsexed) per pen and 4 replications per treatment. These dietary treatments were: NC (negative control; maize-soyabean-meal based diet), BTM25 (25% maize was replaced by M-BTM-), BTM50 (50% maize was replaced by M-BTM), BTM75 (75% maize was replaced by M-BTM), and BTM100 (100% maize was replaced by M-BTM). The experimental design applied using completely randomize design (CRD). Data of this experiment were statistically analysed by  one-way-analysis-of-variance of SAS University version 4.0 red hat (64-bit) University Online Edition. Result demonstrated that M-BTM improved significantly (p< 0.05) digestibility of dry matter and crude protein. It is concluded that M-BTM enhanced apparently growth performaces and digestibility parameters of colored-feathered hybrid duck (Pekin x Khaki Campbell).

Keywords

Carcass, Digestibility of energy, Hybrid ducks, Modified banana tuber mea

References

Abel F, Adeyemi O, Oluwole O, Oladunmoye O, Ayo-Ajasa O, Anuoluwatelemi J. 2015. Effects of treated banana peel meal on the feed efficiency, digestibility and cost effectiveness of broiler chickens diet. J Vet Sci Anim Husb. 3: 101-107.

Abouelezz K, Yuan J, Wang G, Bian G. 2018. The nutritive value of cassava starch extraction residue for growing ducks. Trop Anim Health Prod. 50:1231–1238.

Achilonu M, Shale K, Arthur G, Naidoo K, Mbatha M. 2018. Phytochemical benefits of agroresidues as alternative nutritive dietary resource for pig and poultry farming. J Chem. 2018:1–15.

Ali M, . S, Tamzil MH, Ichsan M. 2014. Meat traits of Muscovy ducks fed on phytonutrition meal. Int J Poult Sci. 13:204–207.

Anwar F, Sriherwanto C, Yunita E, Suja’i I. 2016. Fermentation of kepok banana pell-corn hominy mixed subtrate for dietary inclusion in broiler ration. J Bioteknol Biosains Indones. 3:1–6.

Atapattu NSBM, Senevirathne TSMS. 2013. Effects of increasing levels of dietary cooked and uncooked banana meal on growth performance and carcass parameters of broiler chicken. Pak Vet J. 33:179–182.

Beckford RC, Bartlett JR. 2015. Inclusion levels of sweet potato root meal in the diet of broilers I. Effect on performance, organ weights, and carcass quality. Poult Sci. 94:1316–1322.

Blandon JC, Hamady GAA, Abdel-Moneim MA. 2015. The effect of partial replacement of yellow corn by banana peels with and without enzymes on broiler’s performance and blood parameters. J Anim Poult Sci. 4:10–19.

[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik. 2020. Livestock in Figures 2020. Jakarta (Indones): Badan Pusat Statistik.[BSN] Badan Standardisasi Nasional. 2018. Pakan Itik Penggemukan. Jakarta (Indones): Badan Standardisasi Nasional.

Dei HK, Bacho A, Adeti J, Rose SP. 2011. Nutritive value of false yam (Icacina oliviformis) tuber meal for broiler chickens. Poult Sci. 90:1239–1244.

Fitroh BA, Wihandoyo W, Supadmo S. 2018. The use 3 of banana peel meal (Musa paradisiaca) as Substitution of corn in the diets on performance and carcass production of hybrid ducks. Bul Peternak. 42:222–231.

Hapsari L, Kennedy J, Lestari D, Masrum A, Lestarini W. 2017. Ethnobotanical survey of bananas (Musaceae) in six districts of East Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas. 18:160–174.

Libatique FO. 2020. Growth performance, hematological profile and sensory characteristics of Pekin ducks fed with different levels of Trichanthera gigantea leaf meal. J Crit Rev. 7:134–142.

Mohammed A, Dei HK, Wesseh A, Roessler R, Schlecht E. 2020. Processed false yam seed meals in broiler chicken diets: effects on feed preference and apparent nutrient digestibility. Trop Anim Health Prod. 52:3621–3629.

Mustafa MF, Alimon AR, Zahari MW, Idris I, Hair Bejo M. 2004. Nutrient digestibility of palm kernel cake for Muscovy ducks. Asian-Australasian J Anim Sci. 17:514–517.

Najoan M, Wolayan F, Sompie F, Bagau B. 2020a. Effect of substitution of goroho banana (Musa acuminafe sp.) stem meal fermented with trichoderma viridae in ration on blood lipid profiles and meat quality of broiler chicken, energy (kcal/kg). J Anim sci. 31: 193-196.

Najoan M, Wolayan FR, Sompie FN. 2020b. Nutrient content and bioactive compounds characterization of Goroho banana (Musa acumunafe sp ) stem meal fermented with Trichoderma viride as an alternative feed for broiler chickens. IOP Conf Ser Earth Environ Sci. 492:012010.

Sharmila A, Azhar K, Hezmee MN, Samsudin AA. 2014. Effect of xylanase and cellulase supplementation on growth performance , volatile fatty acids and caecal bacteria of broiler chickens fed with palm kernel meal - based diet. J Anim Poult Sci. 3:19–28.

Sjofjan O, Adli DN. 2021. The effect of replacing fish meal with fermented sago larvae (FSL) on broiler performance. Livest Res Rural Dev. 33:17.

Sjofjan O, Adli DN, Natsir MH, Nuningtyas YF, Bastomi I, Amalia FR. 2021. The effect of increasing levels of palm kernel meal containing α-β-mannanase replacing maize to growing-finishing hybrid duck on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, carcass trait, and VFA. J Indones Trop Anim Agric. 46:29–39.

Steel R, Torrie J. 1990. Statically Analysis System User’ Guide.: Statistical Analysis System.

Sugiharto S, Yudiarti T, Isroli I, Widiastuti E, Wahyuni HI, Sartono TA. 2020. Growth performance, haematological responses, intestinal microbiology and carcass traits of broiler chickens fed finisher diets containing two-stage fermented banana peel meal. Trop Anim Health Prod. 52:1425–1433.

Sumardi I, Wulandari M. 2010. Anatomy and morphology character of five Indonesian banana cultivars (Musa spp.) of different ploidy level. Biodiversitas J Biol Divers. 11:167–175.

Tien DTM, Tran NTB, Hang BPT, Preston T. 2014. Performance of common ducks fed an ensiled mixture of banana pseudo-stem and taro (Colocasia esculenta) foliage as a supplement to restricted rice bran and ad libitum fresh duckweed. Livest Res Rural Dev. 26.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.