Physiological Response of Brachiaria sp on Acid Soil

Achmad Fanindi

Abstract

The utilization of marginal land, especially the acid soil, for cultivation of forages is promising. Forage as a source of feed for ruminants, can also be used to improve soil fertility. Brachiaria sp is found widely grow in marginal areas, especially on acid soil showing its high adaptability. The diverse of genotypes have become interesting because the mechanism of its adaption can be studied by observing the physiological response of Brachiaria on acid soil. Brachiaria decumbens has high tolerant, while Brachiaria ruziziensis is sensitive to acid soil. Variance of physiological and morphological responses to acid soil are the foundation for determining the traits of selection in breeding activities of Brachiaria sp. This paper aims to provide the knowledge of physiological response of Brachiaria sp and this information is useful for selection of Brachiaria sp tolerant on acid soil.

Keywords

Brachiaria sp; acid soil; physiological response

Full Text:

PDF

References

Ali A, Abdullah L, Karti PDMH, Chozin MA, Astuti DA. 2014. Evaluation, productivity and competition of Brachiaria decumbens, Centrosema pubescens and Clitoria ternatea as sole and mixed cropping pattern in Peatland. JITV. 19:81-90.

Anoop VM, Basu U, McCammon MT, McAlister-Henn L, Taylor GJ. 2003. Modulation of citrate metabolism alters aluminium tolerance in yeast and transgenic canola over expressing a mitochondrial citrate synthase. Plant Physiol. 132:2205-2217.

Arroyave C, Tolrà R, Thuy T, Barceló J, Poschenrieder C. 2013. Differential aluminium resistance in Brachiaria species. Environ Exp Bot. 89:11-18.

Beebe SE, Rao I, Teran H, Cajiao C. 2006. Breeding concepts and approaches in food legumes: The example of common bean. In: Proceedings of the Second National Workshop on Food and Forage Legumes. Addis Ababa, 22-27 September 2003. Addis Ababa (Ethiopia). p. 23-29.

Bitencourt GD, Chiari L, Laura VA, do Valle CB, Jank L, Moro JR. 2011. Aluminium tolerance on genotypes of signal grass. Rev Bras Zootec J Anim Sci. 40:245-250.

Delhaize E, Ma JF, Ryan PR. 2012. Transcriptional regulation of aluminium tolerance genes. Trends Plant Sci. 17:341-348.

Häussler K, Rao IM, Schultzekraft R, Marschner H. 2006. Shoot and root growth of two tropical grasses, Brachiaria ruziziensis and B. dictyoneura, as influenced by aluminium toxicity and phosphorus deficiency in a sandy loam oxisol of the eastern plains of Colombia. Tropical Grasslands. 40:213-221.

Hidayat A, Mulyani A. 2002. Lahan kering untuk pertanian. Dalam: Abdurachman, penyunting. Buku pengelolaan lahan kering menuju pertanian produktif dan ramah lingkungan. Bogor (Indonesia): Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanah dan Agroklimat. hlm. 1-34.

Horst WJ, Wang Y, Eticha D. 2010. The role of the root apoplast in aluminium-induced inhibition of root elongation and in aluminium resistance of plants: A review. Ann Bot. 106:185-197.

Ishikawa S, Wagatsuma T. 1998. Plasma membrane permeability of root-tip cells following temporary exposure to Al ions is a rapid measure of Al tolerance among plant species. Plant Cell Physiol. 39:516-525.

Ishitani M, Rao I, Wenzl P, Beebe S, Tohme J. 2004. Integration of genomics approach with traditional breeding towards improving abiotic stress adaptation: Drought and aluminum toxicity as case studies. F Crop Res. 90:35-45.

Jansen S, Dessein S, Piesschaert F, Robbrecht E, Smets E. 2000. Aluminium accumulation in leaves of rubiaceae: Systematic and phylogenetic implications. Annals Botany. 85:91-101.

Jiménez J de la C, Cardoso JA, Dominguez M, Fischer G, Rao I. 2015. Morpho-anatomical traits of root and non-enzymatic antioxidant system of leaf tissue contribute to waterlogging tolerance in Brachiaria grasses. Grassl Sci. 61:243-252.

Jung KH, McCouch S. 2013. Getting to the roots of it: genetic and hormonal control of root architecture. Front Plant Sci. 5:1-32.

Karti PDMH. 2011. Mekanisme toleransi aluminium pada rumput pakan Setaria splendida. J Agron Indones. 39:144-148.

Kochian LV, Hoekenga OA, Pineros MA. 2004. How do crop plants tolerate acid soils? - Mechanisms of aluminium tolerance and phosphorous efficiency. Annu Rev Plant Biol. 55:459-493.

Kochian LV, Piñeros MA, Liu J, Magalhaes JV. 2015. Plant adaptation to acid soils: The molecular basis for crop aluminium resistance. Annu Rev Plant Biol. 66:571-98.

Kopittke PM, Moore KL, Lombi E, Gianoncelli A, Ferguson BJ, Blamey FPC, Menzies NW, Nicholson TM, McKenna BA, Wang P, et al. 2015. Identification of the primary lesion of toxic aluminium in plant roots. Plant Physiol. 167:1402-1411.

Low S. 2015. Signal grass (Brachiaria decumbens) toxicity in grazing ruminants. Agriculture. 5:971-990.

Mansyur, Abdullah L, Djuned H, Tarmidi AR, Dhalika T. 2007. Konsentrasi amonia dan asam lemak terbang rumput Brachiaria humidicola (Rendle) Schweick pada berbagai interval pemotongan (in vitro). J Ilmu Ternak. 1:64-68.

Miles JW, Cardona C, Sotelo G. 2006. Recurrent selection in a synthetic Brachiaria grass population improves resistance to three spittlebug species. Crop Sci. 46:1088-1093.

Mulyani A, Hikmatullah, Subagyo H. 2004. Karakteristik dan potensi tanah masam lahan kering di Indonesia. Dalam: Prosiding Simposium Nasional Pendayagunaan Tanah Masam. Bandar Lampung, 29-30 September 2003. Bogor (Indonesia): Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanah dan Agroklimat. hlm. 1-32.

Mustaring I, Subagyo, Soebarinoto, Marsetyo. 2014. Growth, yield and nutritive value of new introduced Brachiaria species and legume herbs as ruminant feed in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Pakistan J Agric Res. 27:89-98.

Mutimura M, Everson TM. 2012. On-farm evaluation of improved Brachiaria grasses in low rainfall and aluminium toxicity prone areas of Rwanda. Int J Biodivers Conserv. 4:137-154.

Rao IM. 2014. Advances in improving adaptation of common bean and Brachiaria forage grasses to abiotic stresses in the tropics. In: Pessarakli M, editor. Handbook plant and crop physiology. 3rd Ed. Boca Raton (US): CRC Press. p. 847-889

Rao IM, Miles JW, Granobles JC. 1998. Differences in tolerance to infertile acid soil stress among germplasm accessions and genetic recombinants of the tropical forage grass genus, Brachiaria. F Crop Res. 59:43-52.

Rao IM, Wenzl P, Arango Vélez A, Miles JW, Watanabe T, Shinano T, Osaki M, Wagatsuma T, Manrique G, Beebe SE, et al. 2008. Advances in developing screening methods and improving aluminium resistance in common bean and brachiaria. Rev Bras Agrociencia. 14:1-7.

Rocha F, Duarte KMR, Gomes LH, Mattos WT, Lira SP, Alcantara PB. 2014. Introduction of the neMDH gene in Urochloa brizantha for aluminium tolerance in agronomic assays. Greener J Agric Sci. 4:110-116.

Santoso B, Hariadi BT. 2008. Evaluasi kualitas rumput signal (Brachiaria brizantha) yang diensilase dengan hijauan sumber tanin. JITV. 13:207-213.

Sasaki T, Yamamoto Y, Ezaki B, Katsuhara M, Ahn SJ, Ryan PR, Delhaize E, Matsumoto H. 2004. A wheat gene encoding an aluminium-activated malate transporter. Plant J. 37:645-653.

Takita E, Koyama H, Hara T. 1999. Organic acid metabolism in aluminium-phosphate utilizing cells of carrot (Daucus carota L). Plant Cell Physiol. 40:489-495.

Vitorello VA, Capaldi FR, Stefanuto VA. 2005. Recent advances in aluminium toxicity and resistance in higher plants. Brazilian J Plant Physiol. 17:129-143.

Wenzl P, Arango A, Chaves AL, Buitrago ME, Patiño GM, Miles GM, Rao IM. 2006. Greenhouse method to screen Brachiaria grass genotypes for aluminium resistance and root vigor. Crop Sci. 46:968-973.

Wenzl P, Chaves AL, Mayer JE, Rao IM, Nair MG. 2000. Roots of nutrient-deprived Brachiaria species accumulate 1,3-di-O-trans-feruloylquinic acid. Phytochemistry. 55:389-395.

Wenzl P, Chaves AL, Patiño GM, Mayer JE, Rao IM. 2002. Aluminium stress stimulates the accumulation of organic acids in root apices of Brachiaria species. J Plant Nutr Soil Sci. 165:582-588.

Wenzl P, Mancilla LI, Mayer JE, Albert R, Rao IM. 2003. Simulating infertile acid soils with nutrient solutions: the effects on Brachiaria species. Soil Sci Soc Am J. 67:1457-1469.

Wenzl P, Patiño GM, Chaves AL, Mayer JE, Rao IM. 2001. The high level of aluminium resistance in signal grass is not associated with known mechanisms of external aluminium detoxification in root apices. Plant Physiol. 125:1473-1484.

Yang Z, Rao IM, Horst WJ. 2013. Interaction of aluminium and drought stress on root growth and crop yield on acid soils. Plant Soil. 372:3-25.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)  2016 WARTAZOA. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.