Strategy to Fulfill the Requirements for Concession and Release of New Animal Breed or Strain

Bambang Setiadi


Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 5 of 1994 on Ratification of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity and Regulation of the Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia Number: 117/Permentan/SR.120/10/2014 regarding the concession and release of animal breed or strain in Indonesia should be followed up. This paper aims to improve the understanding of concession and release of animal breed or strain. Requirements of breed or strain concession has to declare (a) Its origin; (b) Original geographic distribution where the breed or strain formed; (c) Characteristics; (d) Genetic information; (e) The animal number and structure of their population; and (f) Animal picture. Requirements for the release of breed or strain should have (1) The method to obtain animal breed or strain; (2) Characteristics; (3) Genetic information; (4) New invention, unique, uniform and stable (NUUS); (5) The current number of animal; (6) Animal picture; (7) A guarantee certificate of quality standard; and (8) At the time of receipt of the request release, breed or strain has never been traded/distributed in Indonesia or already traded less than five years. Therefore, the government operational policy is necessary to regulate the preservation and improvement of animal genetic resources either breed or strain beneficial for future generations.


Animals; breed; strain; concession; release

Full Text:



Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 2013. Animal pedigree act. 2013-04-19 [Internet]. Ottawa (Canada): Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Available from: statistics-and-market-information/by-prod

Alderson L. 1985. The conservation of animal genetic resources in Great Britain. In: Animal Genetic Resources Information. Rome (Italy): FAO. p. 26-31.

BISE. 2010. Genetic resources. Copenhagen (Denmark): Biodiversity Information System for Europe.

BISE. 2016. EU targets and actions: Interactive presentation of EU biodiversity strategy: Overview-mid-term review of the EU’s biodiversity strategy (EU parliement supported). Copenhagen (Denmark): Biodiversity Information System for Europe.

Bodó I. 1992. Monitoring animal genetic resources and criteria for priority order of endangered breeds. In: The management of global animal genetic resources. Rome (Italy): FAO.

Carter AH, Cox EH. 1982. Sheep breeds in New Zealand. In: McDonald MF, Wickman GA, editors. Sheep production Vol. I. Breeding and reproduction. Wellington (New Zealand): Institute of Agricultural Science. p. 11-38.

CBD. 2010a. Uses of genetics resources. Montreal (Canada): Convention on Biological Diversity.

CBD. 2010b. Access to genetic resources and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of their utilization. Montreal (Canada): Convention on Biological Diversity.

Clutton-Brock J. 1981. Domesticated animals from early times. London (UK): British Museum Press.

Driscoll CA, Macdonald DW, O’Brien SJ. 2009. From wild animals to domestic pets, an evolutionary view of domestication. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 106:9971-9978.

FAO. 1999. The global strategy for the management of farm animal genetic resources. Rome (Italy): FAO.

FAO. 2010. Statistical databases. Rome (Italy): FAO.

FAO. 2012. Cryoconservation of animal genetic resources. Rome (Italy): FAO.

Harris EE, Meyer D. 2006. The molecular signature of selection underlying human adaptations. Yearb Phys Anthropol. 49:89-130.

Hiemstra SJ, Lende TVD, Woelders H. 2011. The potential of cryopreservation and reproductive technologies for animal genetic resources conservation strategies. Cryobiology. 63:25-35.

IUB. 2016. Indiana University researchers find earth may be home to 1 trillion species [Internet]. Bloomington (US): Indiana University Bloomington. Available from: microorganism-study.shtml

Johansson I, Rendel J. 1996. Genetics and animal breeding. San Francisco (US): WH Freeman and Company.

Köhler-Rollefson I. 1997. Indigenous practices of animal genetic resource management and their relevance for the conservation of domestic animal diversity in developing countries. J Anim Breed Genet. 114:231-238.

Locey KJ, Lennon JT. 2016. Scaling laws predict global microbial diversity. Proc Natl Acad Sci. 113:5970-5975.

Lush JL. 1994. The genetics of populations. Iowa (US): Iowa State University.

Maijala K. 1990. Establishment of world watch list for endangered livestock breeds. In: Wiener G, editor. Animal genetic resources: A global programme for sustainable development. Rome (Italy): FAO. p. 167-184.

Maijala K. 1997. Genetic aspects of domestication, common breeds and their origin. In: Piper L, Ruvinsky A, editors. The genetics of sheep. Wallingford (UK): CAB International.

Mason IL. 1984. Evaluation of domesticated animals. Essex (UK): Longman Group.

Merkens J, Sjarif A. 1932. Bijdrage tot de kennis van de geitenfokkerij in Nederlandsch Oost Indie. Ned Indische Bl voor Diergeneeskd. 44:436-466.

Mohammad K, Olsson M, Andersson G, Purwantara B, van Tol HTA, Mikko S, Rodriguez-Martinez H, Colenbrander B, Lenstra JA. 2007. Genetic diversity and conservation of South-East Asian cattle: From Indian Zebu to Indonesian Banteng, and then to the Cambodian Kouprey? In: Managing the Health and Reproduction of Elephant Populations in Asia. EU-Asia Link Project Symposium. Bangkok, 8-10 October 2007. Bangkok (Thailand): Kasetsart University. p. 120-124.

Muthalib, R A. 2011. Performans produksi sapi hasil kawin silang (F1) antara beberapa bangsa pejantan dengan sapi Bali betina [Disertasi]. [Bandung (Indonesia)]: Program Pascasarjana. Universitas Padjadjaran.

NSF. 2016. Press Release 16-052 Researchers find that Earth may be home to 1 trillion species. Arlington (US): National Science Foundation.

Oleksyk TK, Smith MW, O’Brien SJ. 2010. Genome-wide scans for footprints of natural selection. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 365:185-205.

Raadsma HW, Margawati ET, Piedrafita D, Estuningsih E, Widjajanti S, Beriajaya, Subandriyo, Thomson P, Spithill TS. 2002. Towards molecular genetic characterisation of high resistance to internal parasites in Indonesian Thin Tail sheep. In: 7th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production. Montpellier, 19-23 August 2002. Montpellier (France): INRA. p. 1-4.

Republic of Latvia. 1999. Animal Protection Law. Riga (Latvia): Republic of Latvia.

Rege JEO. 2001. Defining livestock breeds in the context of community-based management of farm animal genetic resources. In: Proceedings of the Community-Based Management of Farm Animal Genetic Resources. Mbabane, 7-11 May 2001. Mbabane (Swaziland): FAO. p. 27-35.

Rosegrant MW. 2009. Looking into the future for agriculture and AKST (Agricultural Knowledge Science and Technology). In: McIntyre BD, Herren HR, Wakhungu J, Watson RT, editors. Agriculture at a crossroads. Washington DC (US): Island Press. p. 307-376.

Scherf B, Schwabenbauer E. 2012. Transboundary breeds [Internet]. Rome (Italy): FAO. Available from:

Templeton AR. 2006. Population Genetics and microevolutionary theory. 1st Ed. New Jersey (US): John Wiley and Sons.

Tixier-Boichard M, Ayalew W, Jianlin H. 2007. Inventory, characterization and monitoring. Anim Genet Resour Inf. 42:29-47.

UNPD. 2008. The 2006 revision and world urbanization prospects: The 2005 revision. Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects. New York (US): United Nations Population Division.

UPOV Lex. 2010. Law of Georgia for the protection of new breeds of animals and varieties of plants. Geneva (Switzerland): International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants.

WIPO. 2016. Genetic resources. New York (US): World Intellectual Property Organization.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)  2016 WARTAZOA. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.