The Potential of White Muscovy as Parent Stock for the Production of Broiler Ducks

Triana Susanti, Maijon Purba, L H Prasetyo

Abstract


In rural areas, male muscovy was commonly crossed with layer ducks for the production of mule ducks to be sold as broiler ducks. However, their population was very few with various plumage colors, and with very low egg production. Muscovy can be used as the male parent stock in a commercial production of mule ducks, but it was preferable if they have white plumage for better carcass performance and with higher egg production. The aim of the study was to evaluate the characteristics of a muscovy population whether they were suitable as the foundation stock for a selection program to improve egg production. Groups of 125 female and 51 male of local white muscovy were used in this study. They were kept under close confinements and fed according their nutrition requirements. Measurements were taken on body weight at first laying, weight of first egg, 6 month egg production, and morphological characteristics. Results showed that the average body weight at first laying was 1805.41±89.31 grams with a variation of 4.95%. The average first egg weight was 58.23±2.33 grams with a variation of 4%, and the average 6 month production was 22.52±6.38% with a variation of 28.31%. With such large variations, the population was appropriate to be used as the foundation stock for a selection to improve egg production.

Keywords


White Muscovy; Mule Duck; Selection; Egg Production

References


Arifah N, Ismoyowati, Iriyanti N. 2013. Tingkat pertumbuhan dan konversi pakan pada berbagai itik lokal jantan (Anas plathyrhynchos) dan itik Manila (Cairrina moschata). Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan. 1:718-725.

Baeza E, Dessay C, Wacrenier N, Marche G, Listrat A. 2002. Effect of selection for improved body weight and composition on muscle and meat characteristics in Muscovy duck. Br Poult Sci. 43:560-568.

Bagliacca M, Paci G, Marzoni M. 2005. Effect of egg weight categories, storage time and storage temperature on incubation length in duck eggs (Cairina moscata L. and Anas platyrhynchos domestica L.). J Poult Sci. 42:205-214.

Chen SY, He DQ, Liu YP. 2009. Low genetic variability of domestic muscovy duck (Cairina moschata) in China revealed by mitochondrial DNA control region sequences. Biochem Genet. 47:734-738.

Cobb. 1981. Hatchery management guide. Chelmsford (UK): The Cobb Breeding Company Ltd.

Directorate General of Livestock and Animal Health Services of Indonesia. 2015. Livestock and animal health statistic. [Internet]. Available at http://ditjennak.deptan.go.id/index.php? page=statistik&action= info&id=nak01.

FAO. 2007. The global plan of action for animal genetic resources and the Interlaken declaration on animal genetic resources. Rome (Italy): Food and Agricultural Organization.

Food and Agricultural Organization. 2011. Molecular genetic characterisation of animal genetic resources. FAO animal production and health guidelines. Rome (Italy): Food and Agricultural Organization. 9:65-84.

Ikani I. 2003. Duck production in Nigeria. Poultry Series No.7. National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services. Zaria (Nigeria): Ahmadu Bello University. p. 31.

Ismoyowati T, Yuwanta JP, Sidadolog, Keman S. 2006. Hubungan antara karakteristik morfologi dan performans reproduksi itik Tegal sebagai dasar seleksi. J Indones Trop Anim Agric. 31:152-156.

Johari S, Ekasari S, Kurnianto E. 2013. Genetic variation in three breeds of Indonesian local ducks based on blood and egg white protein polymorphism. J Indones Trop Anim Agric. 38:20-26.

Kingsolver JG, Hoekstra HE, Hoekstra JM, Berrigan D, Vignieri SN, Hill CE, Hoang A, Gilbert P, Beerli P. 2001. The strength of phenotypic selection in natural populations. Am Nat. 157:245-261.

Kurnianto E, Sutopo S, Purbowati E, Setiatin ET, Samsudewa D, Permatasari T. 2013. Multivariate analysis of morphological traits of local goats in Central Java-Indonesia. Iran J App Anim Sci. 3:361-367.

Ogah DM, Musa IS. 2011. Evaluation of growth and egg production traits between first and second laying cycle in two ecotypes of Muscovy duck. Proceedings of the 18th International Conference, KRMIVA, June 8-10, 2011, Croatia.

Pingel H. 2009. Waterfowl production for food security. Proceedings of the IV World Waterfowl Conference, 11-13 November, 2009, Thrissur, India. Thrissur (India): Kerala Agricultural University, Centre for Advanced Studies in Poultry Science, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, and World's Poultry Science Association (India Branch) under the auspices of Asia Pacific Federation of WPSA. p. 5-15.

Prasetyo LH, Susanti T, Ketaren P, Purba M. 2014. Seleksi dalam galur pada bibit induk itik lokal. Laporan Penelitian. Bogor (Indonesia): Balai Penelitian Ternak.

Raji AO, Igwebuike JU, Usman MT. 2009. Zoometrical body measurements and their relation with live weight in matured local Muscovy ducks in Borno State, Nigeria. ARPN J Agric Biol Sci. 4:58-62.

Setiaji A, Sutopo, Kurnianto E. 2012. Morphometric characterization and genetic distance among four breeds of rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus). J Anim Prod. 14:92-98.

Sumantri C, Einstiana A, Salamena JF, Inounu I. 2007. Keragaman dan hubungan phylogenik antar domba lokal di Indonesia melalui pendekatan analisis morfologi. JITV. 12:42-54.

Suparyanto A, Martojo H, Hardjosworo PS, Prasetyo LH. 2004. Kurva pertumbuhan morfologi itik betina hasil silang antara Pekin dengan Mojosari Putih. JITV. 9:87-97.

Susanti T, Prasetyo LH. 2014. Pemanfaatan kurva pertumbuhan model Gompertz untuk membandingkan tipe itik. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Peternakan Berkelanjutan 6. Pengembangan Peternakan Berbasis Sumberdaya Lokal Menuju Kedaulatan Pangan. Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung.

Susanti, T, Sopiyana S, Purba M, Prasetyo LH, Iskandar S, Raharjo YC. 2006. Koleksi dan karakterisasi biologis itik dan entog secara ex-situ di Balai Penelitian Ternak Ciawi Bogor. Laporan Hasil-hasil Penelitian Balitnak. Ciawi-Bogor.

Yakubu A. 2013. Characterisation of the local Muscovy duck in Nigeria and its potential for egg and meat production. World's Poult Sci J. 69:931-938.


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.14334/Proc.Intsem.LPVT-2016-p.359-364

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.