A Preliminary Study on Some Reproductive Traits and Heterosis Effects of Anglo Nubian and Etawah Grade Crossbred Does

Lisa Praharani, Supriyati ., Rantan Krisnan

Abstract


Demand of goat milk has been increasing, however, the milk production of local dairy goat, Etawah Grade (PE) is low. Crossbreeding was applied to increase milk production of PE. The objective was to evaluate reproductive traits and their heterocyst effects of F1 AN×PE (NE) does. Records of 39 F1 NE, 23 AN and 24 PE does were used. The age at first kidding (AFK), post-partum estrus (PPE) and kidding interval (KI) were affected by genotypes (P<0.05). The number services to conception (NSC), litter size (LS) and gestation length (GL) were not different (P>0.05). The mean of AFK were 435.91±3.62, 460.95±4.30 and 469.52±4.22 days; the mean PPE were 46.62±1.66, 43.92±1.97 and 51.52±1.93 days; the mean of KI were 257.85±2.05, 262.21±2.44 and 266.52±2.39 days; the mean of NSC were 1.11±0.06, 1.08±0.07 and 1.16±0.07, the mean of LS were 1.59±0.08, 1.54±0.10 and 1.46±0.09; the mean of GL were 151.76±1.17, 150.25±1.39 and 150.36±1.37 days for F1 NE, AN and PE, respectively. The heterocyst effect of AFK, PPE, KI, NSC, LS, GL were 6.30, 1.27, 2.47, 0.40, 6.0, -0.97%, respectively. The F1 AN×PE crossbred does showed better reproduction performance than PE due to heterocyst effects caused by crossbreeding. The results of this study were an information base of the reproductive characteristics of F1 NE does used to improving their reproductive efficiency.

Keywords


Crossbreeding, Heterocyst Effect; Reproduction; Anglo Nubian; Goats

References


Abdalla SA, Ishag IA, Ahmed M-KA. 2015. Genetic and environmental factors affecting reproduction of Saanen goats raised under Sudan conditions. Am J Agric Sci. 2:75-79.

Abdullah R, Salleh MS, Wan Khadijah WE, Mavrogenis AP. 2012. Reproductive, production and economic performances of the Damascus (Shami) Goats in Cyprus. Proceedings of the 1st Asia Dairy Goat Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 9-12 April 2012. p. 106-107.

Assan N. 2013. Crossbreeding as a strategy to increase productivity in resource poor goat keepers in the rural areas of Zimbabwe. Int J Sci Knowl. 2:52-56.

Asresie A, Adugna M. 2014. Bioactive properties of goat milk: It’s Hypoallergenic, nutritional and therapeutic significance: A Review. Global J Anim Sci Res. 2:315-320.

Bhowmik N, Mia MM, Rahman MM, Islam S. 2014. Preliminary study on productive and reproductive performances of Jamunapari, Black Bengal and Crossbred Goats at Chittagong Region of Bangladesh. Iran J App Anim Sci. 4:89-93.

Bondoc OL. 2005. The Philippine goat breed registry in relation to genetic improvement and conservation. The Phil Agric Sci. 88:179-191.

Bondoc OL, Santiago Cat, Tec JDP. 2001. Least-square analysis of published heterosis estimates in farm animals. Phil J Vet Anim Sci. 27:12-26.

Bourdon RM. 2000. Understanding animal breeding. New York (USA): Prentice Hall.

Budisatria IGS, Udo HMJ. 2013. Goat-based aid programme in Central Java: An effective intervention for the poor and vulnerable?. Small Rum Res. 109:76-83.

Castañeda-Bustos VJ, Montaldo HH, Torres-Hernández G, Pérez-Elizalde S, Valencia-Posadas M. 2014. Estimation of genetic parameters for productive life, reproduction, and milk-production traits in US dairy goats. J Dairy Sci. 97:2462-2473.

Dereje T, Mengistu U, Getachew A, Yoseph M. 2015. A review of productive and reproductive characteristics of indigenous goats in Ethiopia. Livest Res Rur Dev. 20:27-33.

Freitas VJF, Rondina D, Nogueira DM, Simplı´cio AA. 2004. Post-partus anoestrus in Anglo-Nubian and Saanen goats raised in semi-arid of North-eastern Brazil. Livest Prod Sci. 90:219-226.

García-Peniche TB, Montaldo HH, Valencia-Posadas M, Wiggans GR. 2012. Breed differences over time and heritability estimates for production and reproduction traits of dairy goats in the United States. J Dairy Sci. 95:2707-2717.

Hafez ESE. 2000. Reproduction in farm animals. Philadelphia (USA): Lea and Febiger.

Hassan MM, Mahmud SMN, Islam SKM. 2007. A comparative study on reproductive performance and productivity of the Black Bengal and Crossbred goat at Atrai, Bangladesh. Univ J Zool Rajshahi Univ. 26:55-57.

Hassna AE, Nikhaila A, Khalid AM. 2013. Effect of natural suckling on postpartus reproductive performance of Nubian Goats. U of K. J Vet Med Anim Prod. 4:53-59.

Kosgey IS, Owuor G, Chelanga PK. 2013. Consumer willingness to pay for dairy goat milk in Siaya County, Kenya. Livest Res Rur Dev. 25:1-10.

Kumar S, Kumar B, Kumar R, Kumar S, Khatkar SK. 2012. Nutritional features of goat milk, a review. Indian J Dairy Sci. 65:266-273.

Magaña JG, Correa JCS. 2001. Estimates of breed and heterosis effects for some reproductive traits of Brown Swiss and Zeburelated breeds in Southeastern Mexico. Livest Res Rur Dev. 13:1-10.

Mellado M, Meza-Herrera CA, Arévalo JR, De Santiago-Miramontes MA. 2011. Relationship between litter birth weight and litter size in five goat genotypes. Anim Prod Sci. 51:144-149.

Nguluma A, Leite-Browning ML Browning R Jr. 2013. Comparison of Boer Cross and foundation breeds for meat goat doe fitness in the humid subtropics. Livest Res Rural Dev. 25:1-11.

Norberg E, Sørensen LH, Byskov K, Kargo M. 2014. Heterosis and breed effects for milk production, udder health and fertility in Danish Herds applying systematic crossbreeding. Proceedings 10th World Congress of Genetics Applied to Livestock Production. Vancouver (Canada):

Parasmawati F, Suyadi, Wahyuningsih S. 2013. Performan reproduksi pada persilangan Kambing Boer dan Peranakan Etawah (PE) Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan 23:11-17.

Patel AC, Pandey DP. 2013. Growth, production and reproduction performance of Mehsana Goat. J Livest Sci. 4:17-21.

Praharani. 2014a. Milk yield of Anglo Nubian, Saanen × Etawah Grade and Etawah Grade raised in the same environment. In: Subandriyo, Kusmartono, Santosa KA, Kurnianto E, Purnomoadi A, Sodiq A, Wiryawan KG, Darodjah S, Inounu I, Darmono, Priyanti A, Wynn P, Han JL, Tay-Hsu J, Idrus Z, editors. Sustainable Livestock Production In The Prespective Of Food Security, Policy, Genetic Resources, And Climate Change. Proceedings of the 16th Asian Australian Animal Production. 10-14 November 2014, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Yogjakarta (Indonesia): In Collaboration with Ministry of Agriculture Faculty of Animal Sciences Universitas Gadjah Mada. p. 1527-1530.

Praharani L. 2014b. Evaluation On Growth Rate Of Anglo Nubian, Etawah Grade, And Anglo Nubian X Etawah Grade Kids. In: Wiryawan KG, Liang JB, Devendra C, Takahashi J, Orskov ER, Astuti DA, Manalu W, Jayanegara A, TjakradidjajaAS, Suharti S, Arief II, Evvyernie D, editors. Proceedings of 2nd Asian Australian Dairy Goat Conference. April 25-27th 2014, Bogor, Indonesia. Bogor (Indonesia): Bogor Agricultural University. p. 102-104.

Praharani L, Krisnan R, Budiarsana IGM. 2014c. Pengaruh heterosis pertumbuhan pra-pubertas pada kambing Anglo Nubian, Peranakan Etawah dan persilangannya. In: Kaiin EM, Chief in editor. Peran Bioteknologi dalam Peningkatan Populasi dan Mutu Genetik Ternak Mendukung Kemandirian Daging dan Susu Nasional. Seminar Nasional Bioresources Untuk Pembangunan Ekonomi Hijau. Bogor (Indonesia): Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia. p. 427-434.

SAS. 2003. SAS User’s Guide: Statistics. Cary (USA): SAS Inst., Inc.

Senger PL 2003. Pathways to pregnancy and parturition, 2nd ed. Pullman: Current Conceptions, Inc.

Sutama IK, Budiarsana IGM, Supryati. 2011. Perakitan kambing Sapera dengan produksi susu 2 liter dan pertumbuhan pasca sapih >100 g/hari. Laporan Akhir Program Insentif Riset Terapan Balitnak.

Sutama IK. 2014. Dairy goat production on smallholder agriculture in Indonesia. In: Wiryawan KG, Liang JB, Devendra C, Takahashi J, Orskov ER, Astuti DA, Manalu W, Jayanegara A, TjakradidjajaAS, Suharti S, Arief II, Evvyernie D, editors. Proceedings the 2nd Asian-Australian Dairy Goat Conference. April 25-27th 2014, Bogor, Indonesia. Bogor (Indonesia): Bogor Agricultural University. p. 8-20.

Stemmer A, Siegmund-Schultze M, Gall C, Zárate A. 2009. Development and worldwide distribution of the Anglo Nubian Goat. Trop Subtrop Agroecosyst. 11:185-188.

Thepparat M, Duangjinda M, Tumwasorn S. 2012. Random heterosis effects on genetic parameters, estimation of birth weight, and Kleiber ratio in a population admixture of Thailand goats. Livest Sci 147:27-32.

Tsukahara Y, Oishi K, Hirooka H. 2011. Development and application of a crossbreeding simulation model for goat production systems in tropical regions. J Anim Sci. 89:3890-3907.

Yagoub MS, Alqurashi AM, Elsheikh AS. 2013. Some reproductive traits of female Nubian goats. J Am Sci. 9:385-389.

Zaman MR, Ali MY, Islam MA, Islam ABM. 2002 Heterosis on productive and reproductive performance of crossbreds from Jamunapari and Black Bengal goat crosses. Pakistan J Biol Sci. 5:94-96.


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.14334/Proc.Intsem.LPVT-2016-p.252-260

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.