The Presence of Japanese Encephalitis Virus Infection in Pteropus sp. in West Kalimantan

M Saepulloh, N L P I Dharmayanti, R M A Adjid, A Ratnawati, Indrawati Sendow

Abstract


Japanese Encephalitis (JE) is one of zoonotic arboviruses which cause encephalitis in human and is transmitted by mosquitoes. Fruit bat is one of the natural reservoir of JE. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of JE reactor in fruit bats. A total of 70 bat sera was obtained from West Kalimantan. Those sera were tested against JE antibody using an ELISA test. The results indicated that 4.2% of bat sera were positive against JE virus. The results indicated the importance of fruit bat is a reservoir host for a JE virus. Hence further prevention in public health must be considered and the detection and identification of JE virus should be conducted for molecular characteristic in relation to use appropriate vaccine in the country.

Keywords


Fruit Bats; Japanese Encephalitis; Antibody; ELISA

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DOI: 10.14334/Proc.Intsem.LPVT-2016-p.549-553

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