Effect of Supplementation of Different Concentrate Rations on Weight Gain, Milk Yield, and Composition of Cross Bred Buffalo Cows

Manoja Kanakkahewage, O Jasinghe, S Sujani, T Seresinhe


A field experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of three concentrate supplements with different metabolizable energy (ME) levels on weight gain, milk yield and composition in milking buffalos. Sixteen Murrah × non-descriptive crossed bred milking cows (720±50kg) were used. Animals in treatment 1 (T1) were fed only with forages while animals in other three treatments were given 90% forages +10 % concentrate. The three treatments were Commercial concentrate feed (T2) (ME (Kcal/kg): 2500 ±0.75), farm made concentrate feed (T3) (ME (Kcal/kg): 2733.25±2.32) and experimental feed (T4) (ME (Kcal/kg): 2933.03±2.15). Experimental design was a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with four treatments and four replicates. Forage intake was reduced, when feeding concentrate rations with high energy and CP, recording highest reduction with T4 followed by T3 and T2. Significant enhancement (P<0.05) and also highest values of weight gain, milk yield, fat, protein, and solid non-fat were observed with T4. Conclusion can be drawn that, higher milk yield with better composition could be obtained by feeding high energy rations formulated with low cost, locally available ingredients.


Energy Supplement; Milk Yield; Buffalo; Weight Gain

Full Text:



Ballard CS, Mandebvu P, Sniffen PJ, Emanuele SM, Carter MP. 2001. Effect of feeding an energy supplement to dairy cows pre and post-partum on intake, milk yield and incidence of ketosis. Anim Feed SciTech. 93:55-69.

Bowman JGP, Sanson DW. 1996. Starch or fiber based energy supplements for grazing ruminants. In: Judkins MB, McCollum FT, editors. Proceedings 3rd Grazing Livestock Nutrition Conference. Rapid City (US): Corona Range and Livestock Research Center. p. 118-135.

Department of Census and Statistics. 2013. Livestock population statistics. Colombo (Sri Lanka): Department of Census and Statistics.

Faruque MO, Hossain MI. 2007. The effect of feed supplement on the ieldy and composition of buffalo milk. Ital J Anim Sci. 2:488-490.

Gaafar HM, Mohi El-Din AI, Basiuoni AMAI, El-Riedey KFAI. 2009. Effect of concentrate to roughage ratio and baker’s yeast supplementation during hot season on performance of lactating buffaloes. Slovak J Anim Sci. 42:188-195.

Jabbar M, Ahmad I, Pasha T, Abdullah M, Riffat S. 2009. Production performance of lactating Nili-Ravi buffaloes under the influence of bovine somatotrophic hormone with varying level of dietary energy. In: Proceedings of 6th Asian Buffalo Congress. Lahore, Pakistan, 27-30 October 2009. p. 30.

Seresinhe T, Shamen HJD, Manawadu A, Marapana RAUJ. 2012. Effects of supplements on milk nitrogen efficiency of buffalo cows. J Anim Plant Sci. 22:200-204.

Seresinhe T, Pathirana KK. 2006. Effect of feeding rice straw and supplements on the performance of cattle under small farmer conditions. Trop Agric Res Ext. 9:131-142.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14334/Proc.Intsem.LPVT-2016-p.122-126


  • There are currently no refbacks.