The Use of Cocoa Bean Waste as a Supplement in Male Bali Cattle Feeding

Soeharsono ., M Amin, A Cahyono

Abstract


Cattle breeding farmers generally give less attention in the management, particularly post weaning calf feeding to produce breeding stock. This study aims to improve the performance and efficiency of post weaning Bali cattle with feed supplementation using local feed ingredients. The study was conducted in farmers pen in the Village of Karya Mukti, District Dampelas, Donggala Region, Central Sulawesi Province. Twenty young male Bali cattle with average initial body weight of 102 kg, at the age of eight months old, was randomly placed in individual pen. Feed given about 3% of body weight based on dry matter with ratio forage to concentrate 50 to 50%. Feed supplement as a treatment consist of: I (rice bran) and II (rice bran 60% + 40% cocoa bean waste), with 10 replications in each treatment. Data of feed consumption, daily weight gain, feed conversion were analyzed using T-test. The results of the study showed that the consumption of dry matter, organic matter, and ether extract between treatment I than II were not significantly different. Consumption of crude fiber of treatment I was higher than treat II (0.65 vs 0.39 kg/day). Consumption of crude protein in the first was lower than the second treatment (0.353 vs 0.407 kg/day). Total digestible nutrient in the first treatment was lower than the second (2.18 vs 2.25 kg/day). Increased daily body weight on the first treatment was lower than the second (0.251 vs 0.375 kg/day). Feed conversion on the first treatment was higher than the second (17.77 vs 10.64). From this study, it can be concluded that a mixture of 60% rice bran as a source of energy with 40% cocoa bean waste as a feed source of protein supplementation resulted in better daily weight gain and feed efficiency than rice bran supplementation.

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DOI: 10.14334/Proc.Intsem.LPVT-2016-p.45-49

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