Effect of Administering Zeolite on The Physical Performances of Pellet Product Contained Chickens Hatchery Wastes
Wastes of hatchery industries could potentially be used as an alternative feed resource, but had disadvantages in the organoleptic and physical performances. Experiment of pelleting process which was enriched with zeolite was done to improve the physical-organoleptic characters, so it may easy and attractive on handling before being used as an alternative feedstuff to support provision of local feed ingredients. The study was assigned in a completely randomized design with 6 treatments of zeolite additions (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5%) and 5 replications. Parameters observed are texture, smell, color and durability of pellet. Data of the parameter such as texture, smell, color were analyzed qualitatively, whereas the parameter of durability was analyzed by analysis of variance. The results found that the texture and color of pellets were not affected by the presence of zeolite, but the odor was significantly eliminated by increasing level of zeolite in the pelleting process. The fishy and foul smell of the hatchery wastes immediately vanished with increasing levels of zeolite. Durability of pellet was not significantly affected by the addition of zeolite. It is concluded that the addition of zeolite in hatchery waste pellet was able to improve the physical performances of hatchery wastes.
Aarseth KA, Prestløkken E. 2003. Mechanical Properties of Feed Pellets: Weibull Analysis. Biosyst Eng. 84:349–361. DOI:10.1016/S1537-5110(02)00264-7.
Afzal M, Zahid S. 2004. Effects of addition of a mycotoxin detoxifier in poultry feed containing different levels of aflatoxins on the performance of broilers. Asian Australasian J Anim Sci. 17:990-994.
Al-Nasser AY, Al-Zenki SF, Al-Saffar AE, Abdullah FK, Al-Bahouh E, Mashaly M. 2011. Zeolite as a feed additive to reduce Salmonella and improve production performance in Broilers. Intl J Poult Sci. 10:448-454.
Angulo E, Brufaub J, Esteve-Garcia E. 1995. Effect of sepiolite on pellet durability in feeds differing in fat and fibre content. Anim Feed Sci Tech. 53:233-241.
Behnke KC. 1996. Feed manufacturing technology: current issues and challenges. Anim Feed Sci Technol. 62:49-57.
Cerrate S, Wang S, Coto C, Yan F, Waldroup PW. 2009. Effect of pellet diameter in broiler starter diets on subsequent performance. J Appl Poult Res. 18:590–597. DOI: 10.3382/japr.2009.00041.
Colley Z, Fasina OO, Bransby D, Lee YY. 2006. Moisture effect on the physical characteristics of switchgrass pellets. T ASAE. 49:1845-1851.
Corey AM, Wamsley KGS, Winowiski TS, Moritz JS. 2014. Effects of calcium lignosulfonate, mixer-added fat,and feed form on feed manufacture and broiler performance. J Appl Poult Res. 23:418-428.
Crampton VO. 1985. The application of nutritional findings to the formulation of practical diets. In: Nutrition and feeding in fish. Cowey CB, Mackie AM, Bell JG, editors. p. 447-464. London (UK): Academic Press.
Cutlip SE, Hott JM, Buchanan NP, Rack AL, Latshaw JD, Moritz JS. 2008. The Effect of Steam-Conditioning Practices on Pellet Quality and Growing Broiler Nutritional Value. J Appl Poult Res. 17:249-261. DOI 10.3382/japr.2007-0008.
Eng KS, Bechtel R, Hutchinson D. 2003. Adding a potassium, clinoptilolite zeolite to feedlot rations to reduce manure nitrogen losses and its impact on rumen ph, E. coli and performance. In: Proceedings South West Nutrition and Management Conference. 18th Annual, February 2003. Tempe (USA): South West Nutrition Conference.
Fasina OO, Sokhansanj S. 1996. Effect of fines on storage and handling properties of alfalfa pellets. Can Agric Eng. 38:25-29.
Haydel SE, Remenih CM, Williams LB. 2008. Broad-spectrum in vitro antibacterial activities of clay minerals against antibiotic-susceptible and antibiotic-resistant bacterial pathogens. J Antimicrob Chemother. 61:353-361.
Karamanlis X, Fortomaris P, Arsenos G, Dosis I, Papaioannou D, Batzios C, Kamarianos A. 2008. The Effect of a natural zeolite (clinoptilolite) on the performance of broiler chickens and the quality of their litter. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci. 21:1642-1650.
Leung S, Barrington S, Wan Y, Zhao X, El-Husseini B. 2007. Zeolite (clinoptilolite) as feed additive to reduce manure mineral content. Bioresource Technol. 98:3309-3316. DOI 10.1016/j.biortech.2006.07.010.
Lilburn MS, Barbour GW, Nemasetoni R, Coy C, Werling M, Yersin AG. 1997. Protein quality and calcium availability from extruded and autoclaved turkey hatchery residue. Poult Sci. 76:841-848.
Mallek Z, Fendri I, Khannous L, Hassena AB, Traore AI, Ayadi MA, Gdoura R. 2012. Effect of zeolite (clinoptilolite) as feed additive in Tunisian broiler on the total flora, meat texture and the production of omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acid. Lipid In Health and Disease. [Internet]. Available at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3364149/pdf/1476-511X-11-35.pdf.
Mažeikiene A, Valentukevičiene M, Rimeika M, Matuzevičius AB, Dauknys R. 2008. Removal of nitrates and ammonium ions from water using natural sorbent zeolite (clinoptilolite). J Environ Eng Land Manag. 16:38-44. DOI 10.3846/1648-6897.2008.16.38-44.
Mehdipour M, Shams Shargh M, Dastar B, Hassani S. 2009. Effects of different levels of hatchery wastes on the performance, carcass and tibia ash and some blood parameters in broiler chicks. Pak J Bio Sci. 12:1272-1276. DOI 10.3923/pjbs.2009.1272.1276.url:http://scialert.net/ abstract/?doi=pjbs.2009.1272.1276.
Miazzo R, Rosa CAR, De Queiroz Carvalho EC, Magnoli C, Chiacchiera SM, Palacio G, Saenz M, Kikot A, Basaldella E, Dalcero A. 2000. Efficacy of Synthetic Zeolite to Reduce the Toxicity of Aflatoxin in Broiler Chicks. Poult Sci. 79:1-6.
Mpuchane SF, Ekosse GIE, Gashe BA, Morobe I, Coetzee SH. 2008. Mineralogy of Southern Africa medicinal and cosmetic clays and their effects on the growth of selected test microorganisms. Fresen Environ Bull. 17:547-557.
Muramatsu K, Maiorka A, Vaccari ICM, Reis RN, Dahlke F, Pinto AA, Orlando UAD, Bueno M, Imagawa M. 2013. Impact of particle size, thermal processing, fat inclusion and moisture addition on pellet quality and protein solubility of broiler feeds. J Agric Sci Tech. 3:1017-1028.
Pappas AC, Zoidi E, Theophilou N, Zervas G, Fegeros K. 2010. Effects of palygorskite on broiler performance, feed technological characteristics andlitter quality. J Appl Clay Sci. 49:276-280. DOI 10.1016/j.clay.2010.06.003.
Pasha TN, Farooq MU, Khattak FM, Jabbar MA, Khan AD. 2007. Effectiveness of sodium bentonite and two commercial products as aflatoxin absorbents in diets for broiler chickens. Anim Feed Sci Technol. 132:103-110. DOI 10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2006.03.014.
Serrano MP, Frikha M, Corchero J, Mateo GG. 2013. Influence of feed form and source of soybean meal on growth performance, nutrient retention, and digestive organ size of broilers. 2. Battery study. Poult Sci. 92:693-708.
Shariatmadari F. 2008. The application of zeolite in poultry production. World's Poult Sci J. 64:76-84. DOI :10.1017/S0043933907001730.
Shahriar HA, Nazer-Adl, K, Doolgarisharaf J, Monirifar H. 2008. Effects of dietary different levels of hatchery wastes in broiler. J Anim Vet. 7:100-105.
Tabib Z, Jones FT, Hamilton PB. 1984. Effect of pelleting of poultry feed on the activity of molds and mold inhibitors1. Poult Sci. 63:70-75.
Tabil L, Sokhansanj S. 1996. Process conditions affecting the physical quality of alfalfa pellets. Appl Eng Agric. 12:345-350.
Tateo F, Summa V. 2007. Element mobility in clays for healing use. Appl Clay Sci. 36:64-76.
Tenorio Arvide MG, Mulder I, Barrientos Velazquez AL, Dixon JB. 2008. Smectite clay adsorption of aflatoxin vs. octahedral composition as indicated by FTIR. Clay Clay Miner. 56:571-578.
Thomas M, van der Poel AFB.1996. Physical quality of pelleted animal feed 1. Criteria for pellet quality. Anim Feed Sci Tech. 61:89-112.
Trckova M, Matlova L, Dvorska L, Pavlik I. 2004. Kaolin, bentonite, and zeolites as feed supplements for animals: health advantages and risks. Vet Med Czech. 49:389-399.
Watkins KL, Shouthern LL. 1993. Effect of dietary sodium zeolite a on zinc utilization by chicks1. Poult Sci. 72:296-305. DOI 10.3382/ps.0720296.
Zafari A, Kianmehr MH. 2012. Effect of temperature, pressure and moisture content on durability of cattle manure pellet in open-end die method. J Agric Sci. 4:203-208.
Zimonja O, Shiivus B. 2009. Effect of processing of wheat or oats starch on physical pellet quality and nutritional value for broilers. Anim Feed Sci Tech. 149:287-297.
- There are currently no refbacks.