Retained placenta in Relation with Blood Components in Egyptian crossbred cattle

Reem S. Mourad

Abstract

          The present study was carried out in the veterinary units on 14 normal cows and 32 cows with Retained Placenta. Cows were chosen after about 6 to 12 hours from parturition in Shebin Elkom, Menoufia, Egypt.

        Results show that there was very highly significant increase of concentrations of all blood biochemical components, macro elements and micro elements in normal cows than those in retained fetal membranes cows except in globulin, Sodium and Manganese.  On the other hand, plasma concentrations of biochemical components were highly significant between summer and winter in cholesterol, total protein and albumin but it wasn’t significant in glucose, globulin and A/G ratio. Moreover, there was very highly significant in plasma concentration between summer and winter in all macro elements except potassium and Ca/P ratio. Also, there was very highly significant in plasma concentration between summer and winter in all micro elements except Manganese. Meanwhile, plasma concentrations of biochemical components were not significant between parities except in A/G ratio. Furthermore, there was no significant in plasma concentration between summer and winter in all macro elements. But, there was very highly significant (P≤0.01) in plasma concentration of Cu and Cd between summer and winter, and it was significant (P≤0.05) in Fe and Se but, there was no significant in Co, Zn, Mn, and Mo.

      The aim of this study was to determine blood plasma constituents and inorganic macro and micro elements in the case of retained placenta in crossbred cattle under Egyptian conditions.

Keywords

Cattle, glucose, cholesterol, macro-minerals, micro-minerals, Retained placenta.

References

Azad M. (2010) Prevention of retained placenta by injecting various drugs immediately after parturition in cows. MS Thesis, Department of surgery and obstetrics, faculty of veterinary .

Brzezinska-Slebodzinska E., Miller J., Quigley III J., Moore J. & Madsen F. (1994) Antioxidant status of dairy cows supplemented prepartum with vitamin E and selenium. Journal of Dairy Science 77, 3087-95.

Cady R. (2008) Dystocia-difficult calving, what it costs and how to avoid it. University of New Hampshire.11.

Correa M., Erb H. & Scarlett J. (1993) Path analysis for seven postpartum disorders of Holstein cows. Journal of Dairy Science 76, 1305-12.

Daleo L., Shelford J. & Fisher L. (1983) Selenium-Sulphur interactions and their influence on fertility in dairy-cattle. in: Canadian Journal of Animal Science, pp. 999-. agr inst Canada suite 907 151 slater st, Ottawa on k1p 5h4, Canada.

Deutscher G.H., Colburn D. & Davis R. (1999) Climate affects calf birth weights and calving difficulty.

Dukes H.H., Hewitt E.A. & McNutt G.W. (1935) The physiology of domestic animals. The physiology of domestic animals.

Dutta J. & Dugwekar Y. (1983) Retention of fetal membranes in buffaloes: serum proteins and blood glucose levels. Indian J. Anim. Reprod 4, 56-8.

El-Malky O., Youssef M., Abdel Aziz N. & El-Salaam A. (2010) Post-partum performance of buffaloes treated with GnRH to overcome the impact of placental retention. J Am Sci 6, 225-30.

Erickson H.H., Goff J.P. & Uemura E.E. (2015) Dukes' physiology of domestic animals. John Wiley & Sons.

Esslemont R. & Kossaibati M. (2002) The costs of poor fertility and disease in UK dairy herds: trends in DAISY herds over 10 seasons. Intervet.

Frazer G.S. (2005) A rational basis for therapy in the sick postpartum cow. Veterinary Clinics: Food Animal Practice 21, 523-68.

Gaafar H., Shamiah S.M., Shitta A. & Ganah H. (2010) Some factors affecting on retained placenta and its effects on postpartum reproductive performance and milk production of Friesian cows. Slovak Journal of animal science 43, 6-12.

Gabr S.A., Shamiah S. & Abu-Elhamd M. (2005) Factors related to the incidence of retained placenta in Friesian cows kept under Egyptian conditions. Journal of Agriculture Science, 6532.

Givens D.I., Allison R., Cottrill B. & Blake J.S. (2004) Enhancing the selenium content of bovine milk through alteration of the form and concentration of selenium in the diet of the dairy cow. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 84, 811-7.

Goff J.P. (2008) Immune suppression around the time of calving and the impact of metabolic disease. In: XXV Jubilee World Buiatrics Congress Budapest, Hungry. Hungarian Vet J, pp. 39-42.

Grabner A. (2001) Diagnostic techniques in equine medicine. Diagnostic techniques in equine medicine.

Gröhn Y., Eicker S. & Hertl J. (1995) The association between previous 305-day milk yield and disease in New York State dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 78, 1693-702.

Gröhn Y. & Rajala-Schultz P. (2000) Epidemiology of reproductive performance in dairy cows. Animal reproduction science 60, 605-14.

Kaczmarowski M., Malinowski E. & Markiewicz H. (2006) Some hormonal and biochemical blood indices in cows with retained placenta and puerperal metritis. Bulletin-Veterinary Institute in Pulawy 50, 89.

Kendall NR., Bone P. (2006) Fertility and trace elements-an understand problem. Cattle Pract., 14: 17-22.

Kimura K., Reinhardt T. & Goff J. (2006) Parturition and hypocalcemia blunts calcium signals in immune cells of dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science 89, 2588-95.

Kuzma K., Kuzma R. & Malinowski M. (1996) Relationship between retained placenta and ketosis in dairy cows. In: XIX World Buiatrics Congress’, Germany, pp. 358-60.

Laven R. & Peters A. (1996) Bovine retained placenta: aetiology, pathogenesis and economic loss. Veterinary Record 139, 465-71.

LeBlanc S. (2013) Managing transition period health for reproductive performance in dairy cows. Cattle Practice 21, 209-15.

Mandali G., Patel P., Dhami A., Raval S. & Chisti K. (2002) Biochemical profile in buffaloes with periparturient reproductive and metabolic disorders. Indian J. Anim. Reprod 23, 130-4.

Markiewicz H., Kuzma K. & Malinowski E. (2001) Predisposing factors for puerperal metritis in cows. Bulletin of the Veterinary Institute in Puławy 2.

Mee J. (2004) The role of micronutrients in bovine periparturient problems. Cattle Practice 12, 95-108.

Merck E. (1974) Clinical Laboratory Techniques. 11thEd., 379 Dermasted, Federal Republic of Germany.

Mohamed A. & Amer A. (2009) Hormonal and biochemical anomalies in dairy cows affected by retained fetal membranes.

Mohanty K., Mohanty B., Ray S. & Mohanty D. (1994) Levels of glucose, calcium and alkaline phosphatase in blood with relation to retention of placenta in bovines. Indian J. Anim. Reprod 15, 21-3.

Mordak R., Nicpoń J. & Illek J. (2017) Metabolic and mineral conditions of retained placenta in highly productive dairy cows: pathogenesis, diagnostics and prevention–a review. Acta Veterinaria Brno 86, 239-48.

Reece W.O. (2015) Dukes’ Physiology of Domestic Animals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.13th Ed.

Taylor F., Brazil T. & Hillyer M. (2010) Diagnostic Techniques in Equine Medicine. 2nd Ed., Saunders Elsevier.

Sarder M., Moni M. & Aktar S. (2010) Prevalence of reproductive disorders of crossbred cows in the Rajshahi District of Bangladesh. SAARC Journal of Agriculture 8, 65-75.

SAS (2004) User's guide: Statistics, version 9. SAS Ins., Inc., Cary., NC, USA.

Semacan A. & Sevinç M. (2005) Liver function in cows with retained placenta. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 29, 775-8.

Sharma M., Bhat Y., Sharma N. & Rawat S. (2017) Effect of parity of animal and season of the year on the rate of retention of placenta in Dairy cattle. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 6, 3103-8.

Spears J.W. & Weiss W.P. (2008) Role of antioxidants and trace elements in health and immunity of transition dairy cows. The Veterinary Journal 176, 70-6.

Winnick, A. (2011) Reference values of basic laboratory tests in veterinary medicine. SGGW, 40-72.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.