Ultrasonography and vaginal cytology diagnostics of the queens

Amira Putri Pertiwi, Ligaya ITA Tumbelaka, Mokhamad Fakhrul Ulum


Ultrasonography is a diagnostic method to image the conditions of reproduction organs and it could be supported by vaginal cytology to identify the activities of the ovaries by the types of vaginal exfoliate cells. A total of 10 individual queens were used in this study and then grouped into intact group (n=5) and spayed (ovariohysterectomy) group (n=5) based on the anamneses or their medical history. The vagina, cervix, uterus body and horns, and ovaries were imaged and measured by ultrasound. Vagina, uterus body and horn seem as pipe-like structures with hyperechoic outer lines. The lumen in uterus body and horn seem as a hyperechoic structure. The ovaries seem as round- or oval-shaped structures with anechoic follicles. The corpus luteal has thick wall and seen as anechoic in its centre part. The corpus albicans seems as a hyperechoic structure. The vagina of spayed queens seemed more corrugated than the ones of intact queens. In pararelly with ultrasonography, exfoliate vaginal epithelial cell types were then also be identified and counted on each queens. The results of vaginal cytology showed that proestrus occured in 3 intact queens, late metestrus in 1 intact and 3 spayed queens, anestrus in 1 spayed queen, and unidentifiable estrus stage in 1 intact and 1 spayed queens. Moreover, the morphology of cervix and uterus was affected by the activity of ovary.


estrus state; queen; reproductive organs; ultrasonography; vaginal cytology


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