Aflatoxin M1 in fresh dairy milk from small individual farms in Indonesie

Raphaella Widiastuti


This present study was aimed to investigate the presence of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) residue in fresh dairy milk collected from small individual farms. A total of 104 samples of fresh cow's milk were collected from 3 different locations namely Pengalengan-Bandung and Sukabumi (West Java province), and Tanggamus (Lampung province) in April and September 2012. All samples were analyzed using a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and detected with fluorescence detector after extraction with organic solvent. The results showed that high incidence of AFM1 contamination was found in samples from Pangalengan-Bandung and Sukabumi collected in September 2012 with the highest concentration of 34.1 ng/L in a sample from Pangalengan-Bandung, but not found in samples from Lampung for sampling time neither in April and September 2012 Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) contaminants in low levels were also found in various feed samples. In this study, no sample containing AFM1 exceeded the maximum residue limit (MRL) regulated by the Indonesian government (500 ng/L). Although the results obtained in this study are still not harmful to human health, but the presence of AFM1 in milk and its products should be monitored continuously given the milk is one type of food source that is consumed mainly by children.


residue, aflatoxin M1, milk, small individual farms, HPLC


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