Nutrition Quality and Microbiology of Buffalo, Cow and Goat Milk From West Sumatra

. Ferawati

Abstract

The aim of this research was to determine the quality of fresh milk physically, chemically and microbiologically obtained from cow, goats and buffalo in West Sumatra. The research method used is laboratory experimental to analyze nutritional value, the number of aerobic bacteria and lactic acid bacteria, isolating and identifying lactic acid bacteria The results showed the nutritional value of milk had meet the requirements of Indonesian National Standardization, but the total colony of aerobic bacteria was above the allowed threshold of 1x106 CFU/ml. In addition, each sample had a total colony of varied lactic acid bacteria. The lowest total BAL value obtained in cow's milk is 0,84 ± 0,18 x107 CFU/ml, in contrast to buffalo milk and goat milk which has a higher total BAL of 36,8 ± 17,57 x107 CFU/ ml and 57,25 ± 8,89 x107 CFU/ml. However, all the colonies showed almost identical morphology of BAL isolates. From the results of the study concluded that fresh milk from West Sumatra has the potential to produce BAL although sanitation control is still needed during handling of milk.

Keywords

fresh milk, nutrients, lactic acid bacteria

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