Greenhouse gas emissions from cattle production sector in South Korea

Andi Febrisiantosa, J.H. Lee, H.L. Choi


South Korea has declared to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 30% compared to the current level by the year 2020. The greenhouse gas emissions from the cattle production sector in South Korea were evaluated in this study. The greenhouse gas emissions of dairy cattle, Non-Korean native cattle, and Korean native (Hanwoo) cattle production activities in 16 local administrative provinces of South Korea over a ten-year period (2005–2014) were estimated using the methodology specified by the Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventory of the IPCC (2006). The emissions studied herein included methane from enteric fermentation, methane from manure management, nitrous oxide from manure management and carbon dioxide from direct on-farm energy use. Over the last ten years, Hanwoo cattle production activities were the primary contributor of CH4 from enteric fermentation, CH4 from manure management, NO2 from manure management and CO2 from on-farm energy use in the cattle livestock sector of South Korea, which comprised to 83.52% of total emissions from cattle production sector.


Methane; Nitrous Oxide; Carbon Dioxide; Cattle; Global Warming

Full Text:



[AAFCCT] Agriculture and Agri-Food Climate Change Table. 2000. Options report: Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from Canadian Agriculture. Publication No. 2028/E.

Amon B, Kryvoruchko V, Amon T, Zechmeister-Boltenstern S. 2006. Methane, nitrous oxide and ammonia emissions during storage and after application of dairy cattle slurry and influence of slurry treatment. Agric Ecosyst Environ. 112:153-162. doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2005.08.030.

Basarab JA, Okine EK, Baron VS, Marx T, Ramsey P, Ziegler K, Lyle K. 2005. Methane emissions from enteric fermentation in Alberta’s Non-Korean native cattle population. Can J Anim Sci. 501:2-13. doi: 10.4141/A04-069.

[FAO] Food and Agriculture Organization. 2006. Livestock’s long shadow: Environmental issues and options. Rome (Italy): Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Gerber PJ, Steinfeld H, Henderson B, Mottet A, Opio C, Dijkman J, Falcucci A, Tempio G. 2013. Tackling climate change through livestock: a global assessment of emissions and mitigation opportunities. Rome (Italy): Food and Agriculture Organization, United Nations.

[GIR] Gas Inventory and Research. 2013. National greenhouse gas inventory report of Korea. Seoul (Korea): Greenhouse Gas Inventory and Research Center of Korea.

Höglund-Isaksson L. 2012. Global anthropogenic methane emissions 2005-2030: Technical mitigation potentials and costs. Atmosph Chemist Phys. 12:9079-9096. doi: 10.5194/acp-12-9079-2012.

[IPCC] Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, Prepared by the National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme. Eggleston HS, Buendia L, Miwa K, Ngara T, Tanabe K, editors. Kanalawa (Jpn): Institute for Global Environmental Strategies.

Ji ES, Park KH. 2012. Methane and nitrous oxide emissions from livestock agriculture in 16 local administrative provinces of Korea. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci. 25:1768-1774. doi: 10.5713/ajas.2012.12418.

Jo N, Kim J, Seo S. 2015. Estimation of methane emission factor for enteric fermentation of growing-finishing Hanwoo steers using the IPCC Tier 2 approach. Peer J Pre Prints 3:e1578. doi: 10.7287/peerj.preprints. 1285v1.

Johnson KA, Johnson DE. 1995. Methane emissions from cattle. J Anim Sci. 73:2483-2492. doi: 10.2527/1995. 7382483x.

Kebreab E, Johnson KA, Archibeque SL, Pape D, Wirth T. 2008. Model for estimating enteric methane emissions from United States dairy and feedlot cattle. J Anim Sci. 86:2738-2748. doi: 10.2527/jas.2008-0960.

Lee HJ, Lee SC. 2003. National methane inventory relevant to livestock enteric fermentation. Korean J Anim Sci Technol. 45:997-1006. doi: 10.5187/JAST.2003. 45.6.997.

Merino P, Ramirez-Fanlo E, Arriaga H, del Hierro O, Artetxe A, Viguria M. 2011. Regional inventory of methane and nitrous oxide emission from ruminant livestock in the Basque country. Anim Feed Sci Technol. 166-167:628-640.

Opio C, Gerber P, Mottet A, Falcucci A, Tempio G, MacLeod M, Vellinga T, Henderson B, Steinfeld H. 2013. Greenhouse gas emissions from ruminant supply chains-A global life cycle assessment. Rome (Italy): Food and Agriculture Organization, United Nations.

Patra AK. 2014. Trends and projected estimates of GHG emissions from Indian livestock in comparisons with GHG emissions from world and developing countries. Asian Australas J Anim Sci. 27:592-599. doi: 10.5713/ajas.2013.13342.

Smith P, Martino D, Cai Z, Gwary D, Janzen H, Kumar P, McCarl B, Ogle S, O’Mara F, Rice C, Scholes B, Sirotenko O. 2007. Agriculture. In: Metz, B, Davidson OR, Bosch PR, Dave R, Meyer LA, editors. Climate change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press.

[UNFCCC] United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. 2011. FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/INF.1. United Nations.

[USEPA] United States of Environmental Protection Agency. 2014. Climate change indicators in the United States, 2014. 3th ed. EPA 430-R-14-004. climatechange/indicators.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)  2016 Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.