Lipid profiles of blood serum and fatty acid composition of meat of hybrid duck fed diet supplemented with Noni (Morinda citrifolia) fruit meal

David Kurniawan, E. Widodo, I. H. Djunaidi

Abstract

Noni fruit is a medicinal plant with biological activity like antioxidant that could potentially be used as a feed additive in poultry. This research investigated the effect of noni fruit powder as feed additive on lipid profiles of blood and meat fatty acid compositions of meat of hybrid duck. One hundred twenty 2-week-old hybrid ducks crossing between Peking and Khaki Campbell duck were subjected. They were randomly allotted to 24 experimental units. Each experimental unit was 70x80x40 cm in size and it was used for 5 ducks up to they reached 56 days of age. Each unit was equipped with waterer and feeder. The ducks were raised on litter-type floor. The basal experimental diet was formulated according to the standards of National Research Council (1994). The method used for this study was experimental with 4 different treatments in 6 replications. The treatments were as follow: P0: basal feed without supplementation of noni fruit powder as control; P1: basal feed + 1 % noni fruit powder; P2: basal feed + 2 % noni fruit powder; P3: basal feed + 3 % noni fruit powder. Data were analyzed by one-way of Completely Randomized Design ANOVA and if there was significant effect followed by Duncan’s Multiple Range Test. Result showed that using noni fruit powder as feed additive had no significant effect (P>0.05) on lipid profiles of blood and fatty acid composition of meat.

Keywords

Noni Fruit; Phytobiotic; Fatty Acid; Blood Lipid

Full Text:

PDF

References

[AACC] American Association of Cereal Chemist. 1983. Approved methods of the American Association of Cereal Chemist. 8th ed. USA: American Association of Cereal Chemist.

Adriani L, Widjastuti T, Sujana E, Mushawwir A, Yulianti A. 2014. Effect of Noni (Morinda clitrifolia L) juice and Palm sugar (Arenga pinnata) supplementation in drinking water on lipid profile broiler chicken. Pak J Nutr. 14:531-534.

Alloui MN, Agabou A, Alloui N. 2014. Application of herb and phytogenic feed additive in poultry production- a review. Glob J Anim Sci Res. 2:234-243.

Anwar H, Piliang WG. 1992. Biokimia dan fisiologi gizi. Bogor (Indones): Pusat Antar Universitas Ilmu Hayati, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Aronal AP, Huda N, Ahmad R. 2012. Amino acid and fatty acid profile of Peking and Muscovy duck meat. Int J Poult Sci. 11:229-236.

Blanco YC, Vaillant F, Perez AM, Reynes M, Brillouet JM, Brat P. 2006. The Noni Fruit: A Review of Agriculture Research, Nutritional and Teurapeutic Properties. J Food Composition Anal. 19:645-654.

Char MD. 2005. The pathophysiology of acute coronary syndromes. J Emerg Med Cardic Res. 1:1-6.

Cho SH, Park BY, Kim JH, Hwang IH, Kim JH, Lee JM. 2005. Fatty acid profiles and sensory properties of longissimus dorsi, triceps brachii, and semimembranosus muscles from Korean Hanwoo and Australian Angus beef. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci. 18:1786-1793.

Dewi. 2009. Komposisi kimia, asam lemak dan kolesterol udang ronggeng (Harpiosquilla raphidea) akibat perebusan (Tesis). [Bogor (Indones)]: Institut Pertanian Bogor.

[DSI] Diagnostic System International. 2005. Cholesterol FS. Diagnostic reagent for quantitative in vitro determination of cholesterol in serum or plasma on photometric system. DiaSys Diagnostic System Gmbh Alte Strasse 9 65558 Holzheim, German.

[DSI] Diagnostic System International. 2005. HDL-Cholesterol. DiaSys Diagnostic System Gmbh Alte Strasse 9 65558 Holzheim, German.

[DSI] Diagnostic System International. 2005. LDL-Cholesterol. DiaSys Diagnostic System Gmbh Alte Strasse 9 65558 Holzheim, German.

Fenita Y, Warnoto, Nopis A. 2011. Pengaruh pemberian air buah mengkudu terhadap kualitas karkas ayam pedaging. Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia. 6:143-150.

Fondevilla R, Holgado R, Lopez HN, Rodriguez J, Trinidad C Velasquez J. 2010. Effect of Morinda citrifolia (Noni) fruit powder in the lipid profile of Sparague-Dawley rats. The STETH. 4:33-40.

Kumar SNK, M Suresh, SA Kumar P Kalaiselvi. 2014. Bioactive Compounds, Radical Scavering, Antioxidant Properties and FTIR Spectroscopy Study of Morinda clitrifolia Fruit Extracts. Int J Curr Microbiol Appl Sci. 3:28-42.

Kusnadi E. 2004. Peranan antaran (Centella asiatica L) dan Vitamin C sebagai penangkal cekaman panas ayam broiler dalam ransum yang mengandung hidrolisat bulu ayam (Disertasi). [Bogor (Indones)]: Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Mathivanan N, Surendiran G, Srinivasan K, Sagadevan E, Malarvizbi K. 2005. Review on the current scenario of Noni research: Taxonomy, distribution, chemistry, medicanal and therapeutic value of Morinda citrifolia. Int J Noni Res. 1:1-16.

[NRC] National Research Council. 1994. Nutrient requrements of poultry. 9th Revision Edition. Washington DC (USA): National Academy Press. p. 107-108.

Nishigaki R, Waspodo. 2004. Sehat dengan Mengkudu. Jakarta (Indones): MSF.

Nurhayati, Nelwida, Marsadayanti. 2005. Pengaruh Penggunaan Tepung Buah Mengkudu dalam Ransum terhadap Bobot Karkas Ayam Broiler. J Indones Trop Anim Agric. 30:96-101.

Pikul J. 1996. Lipidy miesa drobiu. Gosp Mie-sna. 48:8-34.

Purba M, Laconi EB, Keraten P, Wijaya CH, PS Hardjosworo. 2010. Kualitas sensori dan komposisi asam lemak daging itik lokal jantan dengan suplementasi santoquin, vitamin E dan C dalam ransum. JITV. 15:47-55.

Rukmiasih, Hardjosworo PS, Keraten PP, Mattaputty PR. 2011. Penggunaan beluntas, vitamin C dan E sebagai antioksidan untuk menurunkan off-odor daging itik Alabio dan Cihateup. JITV. 16:9-16.

Sally E. 2003. Effect of infusion Noni on Total Cholesterol, Triglycerides, LDL, and HDL blood serum of Mice (Mus musculus) after administration high fat feed (Thesis). [Surabaya (Indones)]: Airlangga University.

Singh DR. 2012. Morinda citrifolia L: A review of the scientific validation for its nutritional and therapeutic properties. J Diabetes Endocrinol. 3:77-91.

Sreenivs P. 1999. Herbal healing. Far Eastern Agriculture. September/October 1999:30-32.

Sujana E, Darana S, Garnida D, Widjastuti T. 2007. Efek Pemberian Ransum Mengandung Tepung Buah Mengkudu (Morinda clitrifolia Linn.) Terhadap Kandungan Kolesterol, Persentase Karkas dan Lemak Abdominal Ayam Broiler. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner. Bogor (Indones): Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Peternakan. hlm. 556-561.

Timotius KH. 2003. Komposisi minyak biji Mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia L). J Teknologi dan Industri Pangan. 14:262-265.

Zin M, Abdul-Hamid A, Osman A. 2002. Antioxidant activity of extract from mengkudu root, fruit and leaf. Food Chem.78:227-231.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.